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class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><a href="/media">media</a></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-image field-type-image field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><img src="http://postmedialab.org/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/field/image/3D-front-9781906496968-cover-lowres.jpg?itok=jWL5LreJ" width="463" height="590" alt="Plants, Androids and Operators – A Post-Media Handbook cover" /></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-file field-type-file field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">File:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><span class="file"><img class="file-icon" alt="" title="application/pdf" src="/modules/file/icons/application-pdf.png" /> <a href="http://postmedialab.org/sites/default/files/Plants-Androids-and-Operators-A-Post-Media-Handbook-9781906496968.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=4372727">Plants-Androids-and-Operators-A-Post-Media-Handbook-9781906496968.pdf</a></span></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p dir="ltr"><span style="background-color:transparent; color:rgb(0, 0, 10); font-family:times new roman; font-size:16px">Plants, Androids and Operators – </span><span style="background-color:transparent; color:rgb(0, 0, 10); font-family:times new roman; font-size:16px">A Post-Media Handbook</span></p> <div> <p dir="ltr"><span style="background-color:transparent; color:rgb(0, 0, 10); font-family:times new roman; font-size:16px">Print 978-1-906496-96-8</span></p> <p dir="ltr"><span style="background-color:transparent; color:rgb(0, 0, 10); font-family:times new roman; font-size:16px">eBook 978-1-906496-97-5</span></p> <p dir="ltr"><span style="background-color:transparent; color:rgb(0, 0, 10); font-family:times new roman; font-size:16px">Published 2014 by Mute Books</span></p> <p dir="ltr"><a href="/sites/default/files/Plants-Androids-and-Operators-A-Post-Media-Handbook-9781906496968.pdf"><span style="background-color:transparent; color:rgb(0, 0, 10); font-family:times new roman; font-size:16px">Download the PDF for free</span></a></p> <p dir="ltr"><span style="background-color:transparent; color:rgb(0, 0, 10); font-family:times new roman; font-size:16px">Buy online at Amazon <a href="http://www.amazon.de/Plants-Androids-Operators-Post-Media-Lab/dp/190649696X/ref=aag_m_pw_dp?ie=UTF8&amp;m=A154E72KHKTALC">DE 15€</a> <a href="http://www.amazon.co.uk/Plants-Androids-Operators-Post-Media-Lab/dp/190649696X/ref=aag_m_pw_dp?ie=UTF8&amp;m=A154E72KHKTALC">UK </a></span><a href="http://www.amazon.co.uk/Plants-Androids-Operators-Post-Media-Lab/dp/190649696X/ref=aag_m_pw_dp?ie=UTF8&amp;m=A154E72KHKTALC"><span style="font-size:16px"><span style="color:rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family:arial,sans-serif">£</span></span></a><span style="background-color:transparent; color:rgb(0, 0, 10); font-family:times new roman; font-size:16px"><a href="http://www.amazon.co.uk/Plants-Androids-Operators-Post-Media-Lab/dp/190649696X/ref=aag_m_pw_dp?ie=UTF8&amp;m=A154E72KHKTALC">14</a> <a href="http://www.amazon.com/Plants-Androids-Operators-Post-Media-Lab/dp/190649696X/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&amp;qid=1419978788&amp;sr=8-1&amp;keywords=9781906496968">US $17</a> and other outlets</span></p> <p dir="ltr"><span style="background-color:transparent; color:rgb(0, 0, 10); font-family:times new roman; font-size:16px">Print data: 229 x 152 mm, page 188, interior black and white, covers color, illustrations 22</span></p> </div> <p dir="ltr"><span style="background-color:transparent; color:rgb(0, 0, 10); font-family:times new roman; font-size:16px">Edited by Clemens Apprich, Josephine Berry Slater, Anthony Iles &amp; Oliver Lerone Schultz.</span></p> <p dir="ltr"><span style="background-color:transparent; color:rgb(0, 0, 10); font-family:times new roman; font-size:16px">This book documents the first life-cycle of the Post-Media Lab (2011-2014). Taking up Fèlix Guattari’s challenge, the Lab aimed to combine social and media practices into collective assemblages of enunciation in order to confront social monoformity. Here we </span><span style="background-color:transparent; color:rgb(0, 0, 10); font-family:times new roman; font-size:16px">draw together some key essays, images and art projects by the Lab’s participants, as well as a close documentation of its associated events, talks, and exhibitions, to create a vivid portrayal of post-media practice today.</span></p> <p dir="ltr"><span style="background-color:transparent; color:rgb(0, 0, 10); font-family:times new roman; font-size:16px">With contributions by: Clemens Apprich, Josephine Berry Slater, Micha Cárdenas, Sean Dockray, Mina Emad, Bogdan Dragos &amp; Inigo Wilkins, Fabien Giraud, Adnan Hadzi &amp; James </span><span style="background-color:transparent; color:rgb(0, 0, 10); font-family:times new roman; font-size:16px">Stevens, Martin Howse &amp; Jonathan Kemp, irational.org, Anthony Iles, Oliver Lerone Schultz, Gordan Savičić, Moritz Queisner, Rózsa Zita Farkas.</span></p> <p dir="ltr"><span style="background-color:transparent; color:rgb(0, 0, 10); font-family:times new roman; font-size:16px">Part of the PML Books series. A collaboration between Mute &amp; the Post-Media Lab</span></p> <p dir="ltr"><span style="background-color:transparent; color:rgb(0, 0, 10); font-family:times new roman; font-size:16px">Table of Contents</span></p> <p dir="ltr"><strong>Preface</strong></p> <p dir="ltr"><span style="background-color:transparent; color:rgb(0, 0, 10); font-family:times new roman; font-size:16px">Clemens Apprich, Josephine Berry Slater, Anthony Iles &amp; Oliver Lerone Schultz</span></p> <p dir="ltr"><span style="background-color:transparent; color:rgb(0, 0, 10); font-family:times new roman; font-size:16px">Digital Networks: Connecting People Apart</span></p> <p dir="ltr"><strong>Mahalla, Manalaa, Tahrir, Maspero: Post-Media Nodes of the Egypt Spring</strong></p> <p dir="ltr"><span style="background-color:transparent; color:rgb(0, 0, 10); font-family:times new roman; font-size:16px">A conversation between Oliver Lerone Schultz &amp; Mina Emad</span></p> <p dir="ltr"><strong>Process Processed</strong></p> <p dir="ltr"><span style="background-color:transparent; color:rgb(0, 0, 10); font-family:times new roman; font-size:16px">Josephine Berry Slater</span></p> <p dir="ltr"><span style="background-color:transparent; color:rgb(0, 0, 10); font-family:times new roman; font-size:16px">The Subsumption of Sociality</span></p> <p dir="ltr"><strong>Notes on Subsumption</strong></p> <p dir="ltr"><span style="background-color:transparent; color:rgb(0, 0, 10); font-family:times new roman; font-size:16px">Anthony Iles</span></p> <p dir="ltr"><strong>Destructive Destruction – An Ecological Study of High Frequency Trading</strong></p> <p dir="ltr"><span style="background-color:transparent; color:rgb(0, 0, 10); font-family:times new roman; font-size:16px">Inigo Wilkins &amp; Bogdan Dragos</span></p> <p dir="ltr"><strong>Field Notes from the Cloud</strong></p> <p dir="ltr"><span style="background-color:transparent; color:rgb(0, 0, 10); font-family:times new roman; font-size:16px">Sean Dockray</span></p> <p dir="ltr"><strong>Seamlens</strong></p> <p dir="ltr"><span style="background-color:transparent; color:rgb(0, 0, 10); font-family:times new roman; font-size:16px">Gordan Savičić</span></p> <p dir="ltr"><span style="background-color:transparent; color:rgb(0, 0, 10); font-family:times new roman; font-size:16px">The Question of Organisation After Networks</span></p> <p dir="ltr"><strong>Immanence After Networks</strong></p> <p dir="ltr"><span style="background-color:transparent; color:rgb(0, 0, 10); font-family:times new roman; font-size:16px">Rózsa Zita Farkas</span></p> <p dir="ltr"><strong>Movements of Safety, A Safety Movement, Safety in Movement</strong></p> <p dir="ltr"><span style="background-color:transparent; color:rgb(0, 0, 10); font-family:times new roman; font-size:16px">Micha Cárdenas</span></p> <p dir="ltr"><strong>Click Social Activism? A Localisation of Political Participation After Networks</strong></p> <p dir="ltr"><span style="background-color:transparent; color:rgb(0, 0, 10); font-family:times new roman; font-size:16px">Moritz Queisner</span></p> <p dir="ltr"><span style="background-color:transparent; color:rgb(0, 0, 10); font-family:times new roman; font-size:16px">Life vs. Object, Comrade Things and Alien Life</span></p> <p dir="ltr"><strong>Mapping the Conjecture</strong></p> <p dir="ltr"><span style="background-color:transparent; color:rgb(0, 0, 10); font-family:times new roman; font-size:16px">Fabien Giraud</span></p> <p dir="ltr"><strong>Stack, Heap, Frame</strong></p> <p dir="ltr"><span style="background-color:transparent; color:rgb(0, 0, 10); font-family:times new roman; font-size:16px">Martin Howse &amp; Jonathan Kemp</span></p> <p dir="ltr"><strong>Deckspace.TV reSynced</strong></p> <p dir="ltr"><span style="background-color:transparent; color:rgb(0, 0, 10); font-family:times new roman; font-size:16px">Adnan Hadzi &amp; James Stevens</span></p> <p dir="ltr"> </p> </div></div></div><div class="form-item form-type-item"> <label>Language </label> English </div> <div class="field field-name-field-tags field-type-taxonomy-term-reference field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Tags:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><a href="/tags/handbook">handbook</a></div><div class="field-item odd"><a href="/tags/publications">publications</a></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-publications field-type-taxonomy-term-reference field-label-above"><div class="field-label">Publications:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><a href="/publications">PML Books</a></div></div></div> Wed, 04 Feb 2015 15:15:48 +0000 admin 251 at http://postmedialab.org Enclosures of New Athens http://postmedialab.org/enclosures-new-athens <div class="field field-name-field-mainmenu field-type-taxonomy-term-reference field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Site area:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><a href="/post">post</a></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-image field-type-image field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><img src="http://postmedialab.org/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/field/image/_Urban-Enclosures%2BSubsumption_Borg-Cube_at-Athens_kl.jpg?itok=dc7cF55C" width="590" height="583" alt="" /></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p>: Research workshop on the commons and their enclosures – with Adnan Hadzi (reSync<a href="http://resync.ug" target="_blank">&gt;</a>) &amp; Oliver Lerone Schultz (Common Media Lab<a href="http://lerone.net" target="_blank">&gt;</a>)<br />  'Enclosures of New Athens' is a research workshop and a mesh net walk especially designed for '<a href="http://newbabylonrevisited.net">New Babylon Revisited</a>' (organized by Daphne Dragona<a href="http://ludicpyjamas.net/wp/" target="_blank">&gt;</a> in Athens) – and in collaboration with the reSync team <a href="http://resync.ug" target="_blank">&gt;</a>. Aiming to create a glossary of concepts, terminologies and terms related to the contemporary use of the commons, their enclosure and subsumption[<a href="https://readymag.com/lerone/41602/6/" target="_blank">&gt;</a>] that can be experienced within the city, the workshop will attempt to collect, sort and conceptualize some material on ‘new enclosures’ and layered power formations as they crystallize in and around urban spaces.</p> <p>It will therefore inquire exemplary spaces of Athens, in a series of guided site-seeings in which local acteurs introduce the ‘outsiders view’ to the concrete as well as more abstract power grids and localized logics of valorization and governance structuring those urban sites. This material, pre-collected in the days running up to the workshop, will form the core of what is worked upon collectivly to identify, index and characterize pluriform forms of power and valorization.</p> <p>This process will take the shape of some conceptual discussions around the idea of ’subsumption’, and go on to annotate and inter-link the material. It will finally aim to explore what would be actually needed to turn these urban spaces into common spaces or spaces of the commons and how ’subsumption’ lying at the heart of non-trivial theorizations of re-productive and re-actualizing forms of power within capitalism, is understood as complex and liquid, adaptive and renovating formation. The outcomes of the research will be hosted and interlinked with work-and-research structures of the the reSync Athens workshop and they will also load a research-black-box (Pirate-Box; <a href="https://readymag.com/lerone/41602/4/" target="_blank">see&gt;</a>) that can accumulate and ‘comminize’ critical material, travel and be presented at any place in any time.</p> <p>In perspective we will aim at two ways to make these ‘pre-syncs’ valuable for future common use:</p> <p>1 : restreet<a href="http://newbabylonrevisited.net/restreet" target="_blank">&gt;</a>, AWMN<a href="http://awmn.net/" target="_blank">&gt;</a> and local knowledge commons production: we will collectively think about ways to network and share the material in ways useful to pre-existing local structures</p> <p>2 : The ‘Glossary of Subsumption : Revised Collective Edition’ will be a longer-term project creating critical collective characterizations of new forms of ‘integrative power’ and ‘value extraction’ in the post-media age. The material as well as experiences around collective knowledge assembly will enter this longer term process, shaping and feeding future instances (– one planned around next transmediale)</p> <iframe frameborder="0" height="416" src="https://embed.readymag.com/41602/?size=512" width="512"></iframe><p> </p> <p>image: ols – using: <a href="https://www.flickr.com/photos/karpidis/4585702935" target="_blank">Το συλλαλητήριο λίγο πριν την έναρξη στην Ομόνοια by Andreas Karpidis</a> (CC by-sa)</p> </div></div></div><div class="form-item form-type-item"> <label>Language </label> English </div> <div class="field field-name-field-tags field-type-taxonomy-term-reference field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Tags:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><a href="/tags/subsumption-sociality">The Subsumption of Sociality</a></div><div class="field-item odd"><a href="/tags/theory">theory</a></div><div class="field-item even"><a href="/tags/capitalism">capitalism</a></div><div class="field-item odd"><a href="/tags/economics">economics</a></div><div class="field-item even"><a href="/tags/commons">commons</a></div><div class="field-item odd"><a href="/tags/networks">networks</a></div><div class="field-item even"><a href="/tags/afternetworks">afternetworks</a></div></div></div> Mon, 27 Oct 2014 14:31:46 +0000 oliver 250 at http://postmedialab.org POSTMEDIA Discourse and Intervention : workshop http://postmedialab.org/postmedia-discourse-and-intervention-workshop <div class="field field-name-field-mainmenu field-type-taxonomy-term-reference field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Site area:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><a href="/post">post</a></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-image field-type-image field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><img src="http://postmedialab.org/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/field/image/letha-colleen_common_flickr_cc-by-nc-sa_4513923018_1a23736959.jpg?itok=TDeRTa7w" width="331" height="500" alt="" /></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-file field-type-file field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">File:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><span class="file"><img class="file-icon" alt="" title="application/pdf" src="/modules/file/icons/application-pdf.png" /> <a href="http://postmedialab.org/sites/default/files/Post-Media-Workshop-TU.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=95520">Post-Media-Workshop-TU.pdf</a></span></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p class="p1 rteright"><span style="color: rgb(128, 128, 128); font-family: Helvetica, Arial, monospace; font-size: 11px; line-height: 14.300000190734863px; text-align: right;">(i): ledger page #3, Letha Colleen Myer (CC by-nc-sa)</span></p> <p class="p1"><span style="line-height: 1.6em;"><span style="background-color:#00FF00;">20. June 2014, 2-6 PM, 14.00 - 18.00 Uhr</span></span></p> <p class="p1"><em>Limited seats! Please register with <a href="mailto:christina.vagt@tu-berlin.de">christina.vagt@tu-berlin.de</a></em></p> <p class="p1"><strong>Program </strong></p> <p class="p1">When F ́elix Guattari introduced the idea of post-(mass)media, it was a somewhat euphoric vision of an age to come in which micro-political engagements would act against the dictatorship of mass media. Rosalind Krauss’ idea of the post-medium re- flects upon the condition of art after the decline of Greenbergian modernism (the legacy of medium specificity), and the discourse of post-media in the digital age (Lev Manovich et al.) envisions the possibility that all media and the distinction between them collapse into a one-dimensional flow and storage of digital data.</p> <p class="p1">The concept of post-media seems to assemble a variety of discourses, practices and col- lectives with at times complementary, at other times conflicting hopes, prospects, or fears that a transformation might be on its way which cancels preceding ideas of what media are and what they can do.</p> <p class="p1">The workshop enquires into the potentials and limits of post-media within art and theory. What effects does the discourse on post-media have within academic disciplines, and what kind of knowledge does it produce? What are the interventions, positions, and micro-politics that make use of the post-media condition to challenge hegemonic discourses on media and art? And to what extend is post-media’s space of possibility framed by technologies?</p> <p class="p1"><strong>People </strong></p> <p class="p1">Clemens Apprich (Moving Image Lab / Post Media Lab, Leuphana Univer- sity Lu ̈neburg), Andreas Broeckmann (Centre for Digital Cultures, Leuphana Univer- sity Lu ̈neburg), Takeshi Kadobayashi (Film and Media Studies, Kansai University / Literature, Berlin Institute of Technology), Petra Lo ̈ffler (Media Philosophy, Bauhaus- University Weimar), Oliver Lerone Schultz (Moving Image Lab, Post Media Lab, Leuphana University Lu ̈neburg), Christina Vagt (Literature, Berlin Institute of Technology), et al.</p> <p class="p1"><strong>Access </strong></p> <p class="p1">TU Berlin, Strasse d. 17. Juni 135, Main Building (old part), East-Wing, 2nd Floor, Room H 2051.</p> <p class="p1"><span style="line-height: 1.6em;"><strong>Host</strong> </span></p> <p class="p1">TU Berlin, Department for Literature and Science, Dr. Christina Vagt</p> </div></div></div><div class="form-item form-type-item"> <label>Language </label> English </div> <div class="field field-name-field-tags field-type-taxonomy-term-reference field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Tags:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><a href="/tags/post-media">post-media</a></div><div class="field-item odd"><a href="/tags/discourse">discourse</a></div><div class="field-item even"><a href="/tags/theory">theory</a></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-events field-type-taxonomy-term-reference field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even">Event</div></div></div> Sat, 07 Jun 2014 09:33:54 +0000 oliver 249 at http://postmedialab.org Irational.org’s Traum a Psychoarchaeologist’s Dramaturgy http://postmedialab.org/node/248 <div class="field field-name-field-mainmenu field-type-taxonomy-term-reference field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Site area:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><a href="/lab">lab</a></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p><strong>Irational.org’s Traum a Psychoarchaeologist’s Dramaturgy</strong></p> <p><strong>By V.M.</strong></p> <p><strong>Series editors: Clemens Apprich, Josephine Berry Slater, Anthony Iles &amp; Oliver Lerone Schultz</strong></p> <p><strong>Published in association with Post-Media Lab Books</strong></p> <p>Buy on Amazon <a href="http://www.amazon.com/Irational-Orgss-Traum-A-Psychoarchaeologists-Dramaturgy-Post-Media/dp/1906496986/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&amp;qid=1400605193&amp;sr=8-1&amp;keywords=9781906496982">US $6.75</a> | <a href="http://www.amazon.co.uk/Irational-Orgss-Traum-A-Psychoarchaeologists-Dramaturgy-Post-Media/dp/1906496986/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&amp;qid=1400605305&amp;sr=8-1&amp;keywords=9781906496982">UK £4.25</a> | <a href="http://www.amazon.de/Irational-Orgss-Traum-A-Psychoarchaeologists-Dramaturgy-Post-Media/dp/1906496986/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&amp;qid=1400605384&amp;sr=8-1&amp;keywords=9781906496982">DE €5</a> and other regions, Super Saving free shipping.</p> <p><a href="/sites/www.metamute.org/files/pml/irational-orgs-traum.pdf">PDF download</a></p> <p>(2014. ISBN 978-1-906496-98-2; eBook ISBN 978-1-906496-78-4)</p> <p>This book is a psychoarchaeological reconstruction of an art collective, irational.org, who existed in the times of the internet. The material reconstituted here was derived, after irational.org’s disappearance, from multiple requests for data from their archived art server. These requests, made by post, were submitted by the author, V.M., to an unidentified and unreliable Data Auditor, using a Secure Access Protocol. It is rumoured that access to the archive was securitised by irational.org because it contains highly sensitive, possibly incriminating, data. The psychoarchaeologist’s reconstruction reveals a cultural organisation that satirised, resisted and internalised the libertarian yet bureaucratic tendencies of a surveillance society, and its obsession with data privacy, security and property. The trail runs cold as the group made its retreat into the woods from a world that was disintegrating.</p> <p><strong>Part of the <a href="http://postmedialab.org/pml-book-series" target="_blank">PML Books </a><a href="http://tgwb.org/buy-cialis-online/">http://tgwb.org/buy-cialis-online/</a> series. A collaboration between Mute and the Post-Media Lab</strong></p> </div></div></div><div class="form-item form-type-item"> <label>Language </label> English </div> <div class="field field-name-field-tags field-type-taxonomy-term-reference field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Tags:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><a href="/tags/pml-books-art-servers-irational">PML Books Art Servers Irational</a></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-publications field-type-taxonomy-term-reference field-label-above"><div class="field-label">Publications:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><a href="/publications">PML Books</a></div></div></div> Mon, 02 Jun 2014 16:08:27 +0000 anthony 248 at http://postmedialab.org The Organisation of the Organisationless: Collective Action After Networks by Rodrigo Nunes http://postmedialab.org/organisation-organisationless-collective-action-after-networks-rodrigo-nunes <div class="field field-name-field-mainmenu field-type-taxonomy-term-reference field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Site area:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><a href="/post">post</a></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-image field-type-image field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><img src="http://postmedialab.org/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/field/image/NunesR_Organisation-of-organisationless.jpg?itok=IAzegEQz" width="372" height="400" alt="" /></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-file field-type-file field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">File:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><span class="file"><img class="file-icon" alt="" title="application/pdf" src="/modules/file/icons/application-pdf.png" /> <a href="http://postmedialab.org/sites/default/files/NunesD14a_Organisation-of-the-Organisationless_pml-books.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=1607212">NunesD14a_Organisation-of-the-Organisationless_pml-books.pdf</a></span></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p dir="ltr" style="line-height: 1.15; margin-top: 0pt; margin-bottom: 0pt;"> </p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height: 1.15; margin-top: 0pt; margin-bottom: 0pt;"><span style="font-size: 15px; font-family: 'Times New Roman'; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; font-weight: bold; font-style: italic; vertical-align: baseline;">The Organisation of the Organisationless: Collective Action After Networks</span></p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height: 1.15; margin-top: 0pt; margin-bottom: 0pt;"><span style="font-size: 15px; font-family: 'Times New Roman'; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; font-weight: bold; vertical-align: baseline;">By Rodrigo Nunes</span></p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height: 1.15; margin-top: 0pt; margin-bottom: 0pt;"> </p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height: 1.15; margin-top: 0pt; margin-bottom: 0pt;"> </p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height: 1.15; margin-top: 0pt; margin-bottom: 0pt;"><span style="font-size: 16px; font-family: 'Times New Roman'; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; font-weight: bold; vertical-align: baseline;">Series editors: Clemens Apprich, Josephine Berry Slater, Anthony Iles &amp; Oliver Lerone Schultz</span></p> <p> </p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height: 1.15; margin-top: 0pt; margin-bottom: 0pt;"><span style="font-size: 16px; font-family: 'Times New Roman'; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; font-weight: bold; vertical-align: baseline;">Published by Mute Books in association with </span><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: 'Times New Roman'; font-size: 16.363636016845703px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 16.363636016845703px;">Post-Media Lab Books</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 1em; padding: 0px; border: 0px; outline: 0px; vertical-align: baseline; font-family: Arial, Verdana, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 12.800000190734863px; line-height: 20.799999237060547px;"><span style="font-size: 12.800000190734863px; line-height: 20.799999237060547px;">Buy on Amazon </span><a href="http://www.amazon.com/Human-Strike-Already-Essays-Post-Media/dp/1906496889/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&amp;qid=1387551403&amp;sr=8-1&amp;keywords=9781906496883" style="font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; line-height: inherit; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; outline: 0px; vertical-align: baseline; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">US $</a><u>6.75</u><span style="font-size: 12.800000190734863px; line-height: 20.799999237060547px;"> | </span><a href="http://www.amazon.co.uk/Organisation-Organisationless-Question-Networks-Post-Media/dp/1906496757/ref=sr_1_cc_1?s=aps&amp;ie=UTF8&amp;qid=1400691538&amp;sr=1-1-catcorr&amp;keywords=rodrigo+nunes" style="font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; line-height: inherit; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; outline: 0px; vertical-align: baseline; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">UK £</a><u>4.25</u><span style="font-size: 12.800000190734863px; line-height: 20.799999237060547px;"> | </span><a href="http://www.amazon.de/Organisation-Organisationless-Question-Networks-Post-Media/dp/1906496757/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&amp;qid=1400692046&amp;sr=8-1&amp;keywords=rodrigo+nunes" style="font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; line-height: inherit; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; outline: 0px; vertical-align: baseline; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">DE €5</a><span style="font-size: 12.800000190734863px; line-height: 20.799999237060547px;"> and other regions, Super Saving free shipping.</span></p> <p> </p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height: 1.15; margin-top: 0pt; margin-bottom: 0pt;"><span style="font-size: 16px; font-family: 'Times New Roman'; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline;">Rejecting the dichotomy of centralism and horizontalism that has deeply marked millennial politics, Rodrigo Nunes’ close analysis of network systems demonstrates how organising contemporary social and political movements exists somewhere between – or beyond – the two. Rather than the party or chaos, the one or the multitude, he discovers a ‘bestiary’ of hybrid organisational forms and practices that render such disjunctives false. The resulting picture shows how social and technical networks can and do facilitate strategic action and fluid distributions of power at the same time. It is by developing the strategic potentials that are already immanent to networks, he argues, that contemporary solutions to the question of organisation can be developed.</span></p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height: 1.15; margin-top: 0pt; margin-bottom: 0pt;"> </p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height: 1.15; margin-top: 0pt; margin-bottom: 0pt;"> </p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height: 1.15; margin-top: 0pt; margin-bottom: 0pt;"><span style="font-size: 15px; font-family: 'Times New Roman'; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline;">Rodrigo Nunes is a lecturer in modern and contemporary philosophy at the Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio), Brazil. He coordinates the research group Materialismos (</span><a href="http://materialismos.tk/" style="text-decoration: none;"><span style="font-size: 15px; font-family: 'Times New Roman'; color: rgb(17, 85, 204); background-color: transparent; text-decoration: underline; vertical-align: baseline;">http://materialismos.tk</span></a><span style="font-size: 15px; font-family: 'Times New Roman'; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline;">), which investigates the resurgence of metaphysical speculation in contemporary philosophy and its interfaces with other fields such as politics, science and anthropology. He has been involved in several political initiatives over the years, such as the first editions of the World Social Forum and the Justice for Cleaners campaign in London. He is a member of the editorial collective of Turbulence (</span><a href="http://turbulence.org.uk/" style="text-decoration: none;"><span style="font-size: 15px; font-family: 'Times New Roman'; color: rgb(17, 85, 204); background-color: transparent; text-decoration: underline; vertical-align: baseline;">http://turbulence.org.uk</span></a><span style="font-size: 15px; font-family: 'Times New Roman'; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline;">).</span></p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height: 1.15; margin-top: 0pt; margin-bottom: 0pt;"><br class="kix-line-break" /><br /><span style="font-size: 15px; font-family: 'Times New Roman'; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline;">Rodrigo Nunes is a co-editor of </span><span style="font-size: 15px; font-family: 'Times New Roman'; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; font-style: italic; vertical-align: baseline;">What Would it Mean to Win?</span><span style="font-size: 15px; font-family: 'Times New Roman'; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline;">, Turbulence Collective (Eds.), PM Press,  2010</span></p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height: 1.15; margin-top: 0pt; margin-bottom: 0pt;"> </p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height: 1.15; margin-top: 0pt; margin-bottom: 0pt;"><strong><span style="font-size: 15px; font-family: 'Times New Roman'; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline;">Reviews of <em>What Would it Mean to Win?</em></span></strong></p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height: 1.15; margin-top: 0pt; margin-bottom: 0pt;"> </p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height: 1.15; margin-top: 0pt; margin-bottom: 0pt; margin-left: 36pt;"><span style="font-size: 15px; font-family: Arial; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline;">‘</span><span style="font-size: 15px; font-family: 'Times New Roman'; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline;">Powerful vision of the possible and the seldom-seen present.’</span></p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height: 1.15; margin-top: 0pt; margin-bottom: 0pt; margin-left: 36pt;"><span style="font-size: 15px; font-family: 'Times New Roman'; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline;">—Rebecca Solnit, author, </span><span style="font-size: 15px; font-family: 'Times New Roman'; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; font-style: italic; vertical-align: baseline;">Hope in the Dark</span><span style="font-size: 15px; font-family: 'Times New Roman'; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline;"> and </span><span style="font-size: 15px; font-family: 'Times New Roman'; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; font-style: italic; vertical-align: baseline;">A Paradise Built in Hell</span></p> <p> </p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height: 1.15; margin-top: 0pt; margin-bottom: 0pt; margin-left: 36pt;"><span style="font-size: 15px; font-family: Arial; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline;">‘</span><span style="font-size: 15px; font-family: 'Times New Roman'; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline;">This kind of innovative thinking, which emerges from the context of the movements, opens new paths for rebellion and the creation of real social alternatives.’</span></p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height: 1.15; margin-top: 0pt; margin-bottom: 0pt; margin-left: 36pt;"><span style="font-size: 15px; font-family: 'Times New Roman'; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline;">—Michael Hardt, co-author, </span><span style="font-size: 15px; font-family: 'Times New Roman'; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; font-style: italic; vertical-align: baseline;">Commonwealth, Multitude and Empire</span></p> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><span style="background-color: transparent; font-size: 15px; font-family: Arial; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); vertical-align: baseline;">(</span><span style="background-color: transparent; font-size: 15px; font-family: 'Times New Roman'; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); vertical-align: baseline;">Publication: Spring 2014</span><span style="background-color: transparent; font-size: 15px; font-family: Arial; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); vertical-align: baseline;">. </span><span style="background-color: transparent; font-size: 15px; font-family: 'Times New Roman'; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); vertical-align: baseline;">Print 978-1-906496-75-3; eBook 978-1-906496-82-1)</span></div> </div></div></div><div class="form-item form-type-item"> <label>Language </label> English </div> <div class="field field-name-field-tags field-type-taxonomy-term-reference field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Tags:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><a href="/tags/mute-publishing">Mute Publishing</a></div><div class="field-item odd"><a href="/tags/pml-books">PML Books</a></div><div class="field-item even"><a href="/tags/afternetworks">afternetworks</a></div><div class="field-item odd"><a href="/tags/question-organisation">The Question of Organisation</a></div><div class="field-item even"><a href="/tags/activism">activism</a></div><div class="field-item odd"><a href="/tags/organisation-after-networks">organisation after networks</a></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-publications field-type-taxonomy-term-reference field-label-above"><div class="field-label">Publications:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><a href="/publications">PML Books</a></div></div></div> Wed, 21 May 2014 12:00:54 +0000 admin 231 at http://postmedialab.org The PML Book series http://postmedialab.org/pml-book-series <div class="field field-name-field-mainmenu field-type-taxonomy-term-reference field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Site area:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><a href="/lab">lab</a></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-image field-type-image field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><img src="http://postmedialab.org/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/field/image/pmlsite-3-covers-web.jpg?itok=vG0ZP1eZ" width="590" height="253" alt="Covers: Digital Solidarity, Provocative Alloys: A Post-Media Anthology, Human Strike Has Already Begun &amp; Other Writings" /></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p>Image: Covers. <em>Digital Solidarity, Provocative Alloys: A Post-Media Anthology, Human Strike Has Already Begun &amp; Other Writings</em></p> <p> </p> <p>The PML Book series is a collaboration between Mute magazine and Post-Media Lab. The Lab was set up in September 2011 and explores how post-broadcast media can be used to intensify ‘collective assemblages of enunciation’ – an idea originally formulated by Félix Guattari, and now unfolding in diverse ways across the ubiquity of media.</p> <p> </p> <p>The books in this short series are:</p> <p> </p> <p><em><a href="/human-strike-has-already-begun-other-writings-claire-fontaine-0">Human Strike Has Already Begun &amp; Other Writings</a>. </em><span style="font-family:times new roman,serif; font-size:medium">Claire Fontaine</span> (Winter, 2013. Print ISBN 978-1-906496-88-3; eBook ISBN 978-1-906496-89-0)</p> <p>Buy on Amazon <a href="http://www.amazon.com/Human-Strike-Already-Essays-Post-Media/dp/1906496889/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&amp;qid=1387551403&amp;sr=8-1&amp;keywords=9781906496883">US $5</a> | <a href="http://www.amazon.co.uk/Human-Strike-Already-Essays-Post-Media/dp/1906496889/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&amp;qid=1387551442&amp;sr=8-1&amp;keywords=9781906496883">UK £5</a> | <a href="http://www.amazon.de/Human-Strike-Already-Essays-Post-Media/dp/1906496889/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&amp;qid=1387551510&amp;sr=8-1&amp;keywords=9781906496883">DE €5</a> and other regions, Super Saving free shipping.</p> <p><a href="http://www.metamute.org/sites/www.metamute.org/files/u1/human-strike-9781906496883-web-complete-book.pdf">PDF download</a></p> <p>******</p> <p><em><a href="/provocative-alloys-post-media-anthology-0">Provocative Alloys: A Post-Media Anthology</a>. </em><span style="font-family:times new roman,serif; font-size:medium">Clemens Apprich, Josephine Berry Slater, Anthony Iles and Oliver Lerone Schultz (Eds.) </span>(Winter 2013. Print ISBN 978-1-906496-94-4; eBook ISBN 978-1-906496-95-1)</p> <p>Buy on Amazon <a href="http://www.amazon.com/Provocative-Alloys-A-Post-Media-Anthology/dp/1906496943/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&amp;qid=1387553374&amp;sr=8-1&amp;keywords=9781906496944">US $19.99</a> | <a href="http://www.amazon.co.uk/Provocative-Alloys-A-Post-Media-Anthology/dp/1906496943/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&amp;qid=1387553468&amp;sr=8-1&amp;keywords=9781906496944">UK £12.99</a> | <a href="http://www.amazon.de/Provocative-Alloys-A-Post-Media-Anthology/dp/1906496943/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&amp;qid=1387553494&amp;sr=8-1&amp;keywords=9781906496944">DE €14.99</a> and other regions, Super Saving free shipping.</p> <p><a href="http://www.metamute.org/sites/www.metamute.org/files/u1/a-post-media-anthology-mute-books-9781906496944-web-fullbook.pdf">PDF download</a></p> <p>******</p> <p><em><a href="http://postmedialab.org/node/237">Digital Solidarity</a>. </em><span style="font-family:times new roman,serif; font-size:medium">Felix Stalder </span>(Winter, 2013. ISBN 978-1-906496-92-0; eBook ISBN 978-1-906496-93-7)</p> <p>Buy on Amazon <a href="http://www.amazon.com/Digital-Solidarity-Felix-Stalder/dp/1906496927/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&amp;qid=1387554327&amp;sr=8-1&amp;keywords=9781906496920">US $6.75</a> | <a href="http://www.amazon.co.uk/Digital-Solidarity-Felix-Stalder/dp/1906496927/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&amp;qid=1387554355&amp;sr=8-1&amp;keywords=9781906496920">UK £4.25</a> | <a href="http://www.amazon.de/Digital-Solidarity-Josephine-Berry-Slater/dp/1906496927/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&amp;qid=1387554380&amp;sr=8-1&amp;keywords=9781906496920">DE €5</a> and other regions, Super Saving free shipping.</p> <p><a href="http://www.metamute.org/sites/www.metamute.org/files/u1/Digital-Solidarity-Felix-Stalder-9781906496920-web-fullbook.pdf">PDF download</a></p> <p>******</p> <p><em><a href="http://postmedialab.org/organisation-organisationless-rodrigo-nunes-0">The Organisation of the Organisationless: Collective Action After Networks</a>. </em><span style="font-family:times new roman,serif; font-size:medium">Rodrigo Nunes </span>(Spring 2014. Print ISBN 978-1-906496-75-3; eBook ISBN 978-1-906496-82-1)</p> <p><a href="http://postmedialab.org/sites/default/files/NunesD14a_Organisation-of-the-Organisationless_pml-books.pdf" target="_blank">PDF Download</a></p> <p>******</p> <p><em><a href="http://postmedialab.org/irationalorg%E2%80%99s-traum-psychoarchaeologist%E2%80%99s-dramaturgy"><em>Irational.org’s Traum: A Psychoarchaeological Dramaturgy</em></a><em>.  </em></em><span style="font-family:times new roman,serif; font-size:medium">V.M.</span> (Spring 2014. Print ISBN 978-1-906496-98-2; eBook ISBN 978-1-906496-78-4)</p> <p>******</p> <p><a href="http://postmedialab.org/plants-androids-and-operators-post-media-handbook"><em><em>Plants, Androids and Operators: A Post-Media Handbook</em></em></a><em>. </em><span style="font-family:times new roman,serif; font-size:medium">Clemens Apprich, Josephine Berry Slater, Anthony Iles and Oliver Lerone Schultz (Eds.)</span> (2014. Print ISBN 978-1-906496-96-8; eBook ISBN 978-1-906496-97-5)</p> <p>******</p> <p>The PML Book series is just one of several outlets for the Lab’s exploration of post-media strategies and conditions, which includes fellowships, a virtual lab structure, multiple collaborations, events, group readings and other documentation.</p> <p> </p> <p>For more information see:<a href="http://http://www.postmedialab.org/publications"> http://www.postmedialab.org/publications</a></p> <h2>Distribution details</h2> <p> </p> <p>US:</p> <ul><li><a href="http://www.ingrambook.com/" style="color: rgb(0, 70, 127); outline: 0px; text-decoration: none;" target="_blank">Ingram</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.amazon.com/" style="color: rgb(0, 70, 127); outline: 0px; text-decoration: none;" target="_blank">Amazon.com</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.btol.com/" style="color: rgb(0, 70, 127); outline: 0px; text-decoration: none;" target="_blank">Baker &amp; Taylor</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.barnesandnoble.com/" style="color: rgb(0, 70, 127); outline: 0px; text-decoration: none;" target="_blank">Barnes &amp; Noble</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.nacscorp.com/" style="color: rgb(0, 70, 127); outline: 0px; text-decoration: none;" target="_blank">NACSCORP</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.ondemandbooks.com/" style="color: rgb(0, 70, 127); outline: 0px; text-decoration: none;" target="_blank">Espresso Book Machine</a></li> </ul><p> </p> <p>UK:</p> <ul><li><a href="http://www.adlibris.com/se/" style="color: rgb(0, 70, 127); outline: 0px; text-decoration: none;" target="_blank">Adlibris.com</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.amazon.co.uk/" style="color: rgb(0, 70, 127); outline: 0px; text-decoration: none;" target="_blank">Amazon.co.uk</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.bertrams.com/" style="color: rgb(0, 70, 127); outline: 0px; text-decoration: none;" target="_blank">Bertrams</a></li> <li><a href="http://bookshop.blackwell.co.uk/libraryservices/index.html" style="color: rgb(0, 70, 127); outline: 0px; text-decoration: none;" target="_blank">Blackwell</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.bookdepository.co.uk/" style="color: rgb(0, 70, 127); outline: 0px; text-decoration: none;" target="_blank">Book Depository</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.couttsinfo.com/" style="color: rgb(0, 70, 127); outline: 0px; text-decoration: none;" target="_blank">Coutts</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.gardners.com/" style="color: rgb(0, 70, 127); outline: 0px; text-decoration: none;" target="_blank">Gardners</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.malloryint.co.uk/" style="color: rgb(0, 70, 127); outline: 0px; text-decoration: none;" target="_blank">Mallory International</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.paperbackshop.co.uk/" style="color: rgb(0, 70, 127); outline: 0px; text-decoration: none;" target="_blank">Paperback Shop</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.eden.co.uk/" style="color: rgb(0, 70, 127); outline: 0px; text-decoration: none;" target="_blank">Eden Interactive Ltd.</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.aphrohead.com/" style="color: rgb(0, 70, 127); outline: 0px; text-decoration: none;" target="_blank">Aphrohead</a></li> </ul></div></div></div><div class="form-item form-type-item"> <label>Language </label> English </div> <div class="field field-name-field-tags field-type-taxonomy-term-reference field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Tags:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><a href="/tags/mute-publishing">Mute Publishing</a></div><div class="field-item odd"><a href="/tags/pml-books">PML Books</a></div><div class="field-item even"><a href="/tags/post-media">post-media</a></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-publications field-type-taxonomy-term-reference field-label-above"><div class="field-label">Publications:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><a href="/publications">PML Books</a></div></div></div> Sat, 01 Mar 2014 14:08:27 +0000 admin 230 at http://postmedialab.org Movements of Safety: Autonets Research findings from summer 2013 Residency http://postmedialab.org/node/247 <div class="field field-name-field-mainmenu field-type-taxonomy-term-reference field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Site area:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><a href="/lab">lab</a></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-file field-type-file field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">File:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><span class="file"><img class="file-icon" alt="" title="image/jpeg" src="/modules/file/icons/image-x-generic.png" /> <a href="http://postmedialab.org/sites/default/files/between%20berlni%20and%20hamburg3.jpg" type="image/jpeg; length=276324">between berlni and hamburg3.jpg</a></span></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in"><b style="line-height: 1.6em;">From a Free Software Movement to a Free Safety Movement</b></p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;"> </p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;">This essay is a call to all feminist hackers, anti-racist coders, gender hackers, genderchangers, queer and trans hackers, political hackers, dancers, movement makers, poets, performers, anti-violence activists and networked activists to come together to help stop violence against queer and trans* people, people of color, disabled people and women. Many forms of daily violence: sexual, gender, racial, ableist and state-sponsored are only increasing. As global warming, neoliberalism, and neocolonialism continue, more and more people are subject to violence on a daily basis due to social instability. This is a call to people to acknowledge that the Internet era has not brought more safety but less. This is a call to say we need more people hacking safety, where hacking involves a creative use of the imagination to solve a problem. Why do we have better software to share pictures of lunch than we do to keep each other safe?</p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;"> </p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;">These solutions can take all forms from technological ones to social to combinations of technological and social. To think about ending violence with technology we need to think broadly about what violence means and what technology is: movement is a technology, gender is a technology, language is a technology, code is a technology. We need more collaboration between hackers, activists and artists to end violence. We need networked devices which people can use to call on their personal networks for help, games to teach people to not rape, mechanisms for bystanders to step in and stop violence, discrete ways for people in private situations to call for help when violence occurs in their homes.</p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;"> </p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;">I started the project Local Autonomy Networks two years ago to create wearable electronics to prevent sexual and gender violence against queer and trans* people of color. In those two years I have made prototypes of devices including dresses, hoodies and bracelets which have wireless transmitters in them and can be used to call for help. Some of these devices can detect proximity of other devices. I have been working towards adding GPS units so that the call for help can be accompanied with the location. But, I am only one person. This problem is much much bigger than me.</p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;"> </p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;">I am an artist, hacker, activist, writer. I am not a business person or an engineer. I have spent much of the last two years doing workshops and performances with people in different cities to build the social agreements necessary for us to keep each other safe in a world where police often cause more violence, if they even show up. In some of the cities I work in people have told me repeatedly that they will not call the police because they won’t ever show up. Anti-violence activists have also told me that it is common that queer and trans people and people of color know not to call the police because they inflict more violence in most cases.</p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;"> </p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;">I have shifted my role in this project from building electronics to building the infrastructure for a network of networks, for people to be able to contribute and think together and discuss this problem together. Lots of people. The free software movement has been incredibly successful since it was begun thirty years ago. What we need now is a movement for free safety, a movement of people who want to figure out how to make transformative <a href="http://www.viagraonline2015shopusa.com/">buy viagra canada</a> justice happen in increasingly networked societies, a movement that will develop networks for safety that don’t rely on the corporations and police that daily perpetuate violence on our communities, a movement of people who will agree to keep each other safe from unjust forms of violence.</p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;"> </p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;">This needs to happen in a distributed way, and can’t depend on me. Everywhere I have gone in the past two years throughout the Americas and in Europe, people have told me: we need this here. Violence is a problem that is happening everywhere and is getting worse. So please join me and help build this movement and send me and everyone else an email. Or tweet about it. Or Facebook about it. There are many ways of using existing technologies such as Circle Of 6, Foursquare and Group Me for safety.</p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;"> </p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;">What is important is that solutions need to be affordable. There is already a huge industry of safety products and if safety is something that only certain people can afford and clearly that is an unjust situation. So we must make these solutions affordable.</p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;"> </p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;">What is also crucial in this movement is to develop safety solutions that maintain people’s privacy. Solutions which can be exploited by law enforcement to surveille people do not make them more safe but less.</p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;"> </p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;">What is most important to me in this movement is to center the needs of the most affected groups of people: transgender women of color are the number one targets of hate crimes, sex workers are often subject to violence, disabled people are also subject to violence on the daily basis and can benefit uniquely from networks of communication and support.</p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;"> </p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;">I have set up a web page at <a href="http://autonets.org/movement">http://autonets.org/movement</a> to continue this conversation and share detailed documentation of the prototypes I have made and the workshops I have facilitated. This is a call for you to take up this project in your own city, talk to others about how to build networks, technological or not, of safety and support for survivors of violence. What follows is a description of one local project which engages with technologies of inter-urban transportation networks to develop strategies for safety in Germany.</p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;"> </p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in"><b>The Safe Itinerant / The Insecurity of Mobility // Der sichere Wanderer / Die Gefahren von Mobilität</b></p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in"> </p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;"><i>We are safe when we walk.</i></p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;"><i>We have walked for generations.</i></p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;"><i>Your colonial regimes want to stop us, name and identify us.</i></p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;"><i>We won’t be stopped by your policing violence,</i></p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;"><i>We won’t be named by your regimes.</i></p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;"> </p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in"><i>Autonets Berlin / Lüneberg – The Safe Itinerant / The Insecurity of Mobility // Der sichere Wanderer / Die Gefahren von Mobilität</i> took place in sites spanning Berlin, Hamburg and Lüneberg, created by myself in collaboration with the Post Media Lab, Zach Blas, Tikul and NM Rosen.<i> </i>Starting with a performance at Berlin Hauptbahnhof, platform 7 at 11:30AM, the mobile performance and seminar continued with a performance in the Hamburg Hauptbahnhof, a mobile seminar on the Deutschebahn trains to Lüneberg and concluded with a discussion with local scholars at the Post Media Lab at Leuphana University at 15:45.</p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;"> </p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in">From Oscar Grant, a black man killed in San Francisco at a public train station by private train police, to the 2012 sexual assault of a woman by a group of men on bus in New Dehli, India, to the attack of CeCe McDonald while walking with friends, to the murder of Trayvon Martin while walking home, the promises of urban mobility are repeatedly belied by the violence that is used to police spaces of transit and the ways that access to mobility is regulated. This mobile performance/seminar considered the themes of mobility, violence and access, using the actual space of transit, the train and train station, as the space of performance, discussion and presentation. The performance is part of the project <i>Local Autonomy Networks</i>, which works towards networks of community based responses to violence through performance and dance. This part of the series considered how translocal networks of safety can be imagined within spaces which are intensely regulated yet fall between the lines of local regulations. Engaging with the Post Media Lab’s theme of Organization After Networks, this performance considered how communities can organize for safety after their lives have been shaped by inter-urban and transnational transportation networks.</p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;"> </p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;">In the seminars, we discussed the following themes:</p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;">- The cloud versus a home / colonial dream of mobility versus decolonial construction</p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;">- Safety in Numbers / Gendering of Public Space</p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;">- The Itinerant scholar / the safe itinerant / the itinerant artist</p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;">- The Insecurity of mobility / gender/sexuality/race in transit and across borders</p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;">- From passport checks to biometric mobility controls</p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;">- Ticketing systems / E-Ticketing</p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;">- The price of speed / The cost of easy <a href="http://mccallssf.com">generic cialis cheap</a> border crossing</p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;">- Mobile Public Space / From Public to Corporate Transit / Public Interstitial Space</p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;">- The promise of mobility / Disability and access</p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;"> </p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;">The movement piece was based on a choreographic score that came from actual safety strategies we have had to use in train stations in Berlin. In the first part of the score one dancer would get in between the other dancer and the audience, to protect them from the audience and allow them to move however they wanted, to make the act of holding space and solidarity against violence visible. In the second part, the roles of protector and protected switched. In the third part, we protected each other, imagining our backs to be a shield and protecting the space in between us.</p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;"> </p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;">One of the many embodied discoveries of the day, which we discussed in our final seminar at the Post Media Lab, was the differences between inter-urban transportation networks and intra-urban transportation networks. While our experience in Berlin was that subway trains within the city were a frequent site of gendered, racialized and homophobic violence, the experience on trains between cities was very different. Deutsche Bahn (DB) creates a much more regulated zone for immigration controls, checking each traveler's passport and credit card on trains between cities, for example. Additionally, the high cost of travel between cities on DB trains creates a class segregated space. As such, the space of DB trains and train stations was a much safer space for performance and discussion than a U-Bahn train through the city of Berlin, but only because all of the participants in the performance and seminar had legal immigration or visitor status in Germany and financial support from institutions to facilitate the performance. This reveals the need for community based methods of preventing violence in mobile sites such as DB and U-Bahn trains which can provide safety both for queer and trans people of color as well as for undocumented migrants. Additionally, there is a need for strategies that can provide this protection from violence from the state, such as immigration control, in order to allow more autonomy of movement for people who do not have legal immigration status.</p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;"> </p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;">At our last seminar of the day in the Post Media Lab, a participant joined our discussion who was pregnant. She brought another level of precarity into our considerations. Her presence demonstrated the current ways that communities daily provide safety for members of a community that are precarious because of a shared value, childrearing. She also pointed to the need to further develop our structures of safety for future needs that are yet unimagined or unborn.</p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in"> </p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in">These issues persist daily. In February 2014, a transgender performer named Avery Edison was denied entry to Canada at the Toronto airport, and her public usage of twitter allowed people to see how her transgender status was a major part of her incarceration over a simple travel documentation complication. [1] Her case demonstrates the ways that activists can use media to bring issues of travel restriction as a result of racial and gender oppression to a more public eye. Her case also demonstrates how people can use media such as twitter to mobilize public responses to these injustices. Cases such as these motivate me to continue to present the documentation of this performance Autonets Berlin / Lüneberg. I have been able to use this additional time working with the Post Media Lab to present the results of this research in collective design workshops entitled <em>Autonets Convergence Toronto</em> in November 2013 and <em>Autonets Convergence Chicago</em> in February 2014.  Additionally I have begun to work towards a presentation of this material at the University of Southern California in the School of Cinematic Arts Gallery in May 2014. My experience was not a singular one, and this research is a contribution to ongoing discussions of the politics of infrastructure, legislative operations of race and gender and <a href="http://viagraonline2015shopusa.com">viagra</a> a contribution towards broadening of the concept of new media, through the concept of post-media, to include bodies moving through digitally controlled transportation networks.</p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in"><img alt="Autonets Convergence Chicago" src="http://transreal.org/autonets-convergence-toronto-doc.jpg" style="width: 320px; height: 240px;" /></p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in"> <img alt="" src="http://transreal.org/autonets-convergence-toronto-doc2.jpg" style="width: 320px; height: 240px;" /></p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in"><em>Autonets Convergence Toronto, November 13, 2013, Toronto, ON</em></p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in"><img alt="" src="http://uncommoncommonsml.files.wordpress.com/2014/02/bgyy3flccaacg2_.jpg?w=1400&amp;h=" style="width: 400px; height: 300px;" /></p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in;"><em>Autonets Convergence Chicago, February 13, 2014, Chicago, IL</em></p> <div> </div> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in"> </p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in">1. <a href="http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/toronto/transgender-woman-avery-edison-to-fly-home-after-stay-in-ontario-jails-1.2534743">http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/toronto/transgender-...</a></p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in"> </p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0in"> </p> </div></div></div><div class="form-item form-type-item"> <label>Language </label> Undefined </div> <div class="field field-name-field-tags field-type-taxonomy-term-reference field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Tags:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><a href="/tags/organization">organization</a></div><div class="field-item odd"><a href="/tags/networks">networks</a></div><div class="field-item even"><a href="/tags/infrastructure">infrastructure</a></div><div class="field-item odd"><a href="/tags/gender">gender</a></div><div class="field-item even"><a href="/tags/race">race</a></div><div class="field-item odd"><a href="/tags/violence">violence</a></div><div class="field-item even"><a href="/tags/antiviolence">antiviolence</a></div><div class="field-item odd"><a href="/tags/transportation">transportation</a></div><div class="field-item even"><a href="/tags/travel">travel</a></div><div class="field-item odd"><a href="/tags/mobility">mobility</a></div></div></div> Thu, 27 Feb 2014 07:36:41 +0000 Micha 247 at http://postmedialab.org Eurozine: Digital solidarity http://postmedialab.org/node/246 <div class="field field-name-field-mainmenu field-type-taxonomy-term-reference field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Site area:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><a href="/post">post</a></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><div class="author" style="font-size: 12px; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; line-height: normal;"><a href="http://www.eurozine.com/authors/stalder.html" style="text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146);">Felix Stalder</a></div> <h1 style="font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; margin: 0px; clear: both; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: normal;">Digital solidarity</h1> <p class="subTitle" style="color: rgb(39, 39, 39); margin: 0px 0px 3px; font-style: italic; font-weight: bold; padding: 0px; font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; line-height: normal;"> </p> <div class="blurb" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); margin: 15px 0px; padding: 6px; background-color: rgb(231, 231, 231); font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; line-height: normal;">As the culture and the institutions of the Gutenberg Galaxy wane, Felix Stalder looks to commons, assemblies, swarms and weak networks as a basis for remaking society in a more inclusive and diverse way, which expands autonomy and solidarity at the same time.</div> <div id="body" style="line-height: 18px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;"> <p class="article" style="color: rgb(17, 17, 17); margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px;"> </p> <div class="captionimg alignleft" style="float: left; margin: 5px 10px 10px 0px;"><img a="" a-capitalist.="" achieve="" achieved="" action="" against="" all="" also="" an="" and="" another="" anti-capitalist.="" any="" are="" areas="" around="" as="" aspirations="" at="" based="" basis="" be="" because="" been="" beneficial="" benkler="" bothered="" but="" by="" can="" cannot="" centring="" class="footnote" co-operation="" co-ordinating="" co-ordination.="" collective="" commands="" commons="" commons-based="" conviction="" creating="" did="" discoveries="" div="" divide.="" dominant="" dubbed="" dynamic="" economic="" element="" embedded="" empty="" enhance="" everyday="" existed="" existence="" experience="" facilitate="" famously="" first="" fit="" for="" forms="" forms.="" friedrich="" functions="" further="" goals="" grounded="" guided="" h1="" h2="" has="" hayek="" help="" horizons="" horizontally="" href="http://www.metamute.org/editorial/books/digital-solidarity" id="infobox" ignored="" img="" important="" in="" innovation.="" internet="" internet.="" into="" is="" it="" key="" laboratory="" large-scale="" last="" mainstream="" mode="" modernity="" modes="" more="" most="" name="footNote2" narratives="" need="" neither="" never="" new="" nor="" not="" novel="" of="" often="" old="" on="" one="" or="" organization="" over="" own="" parallel="" peer="" perform="" personal="" political="" pre-modern="" price="" prices="" private="" project="" provide="" public="" re-evaluate="" regarded="" relies="" renewed="" resource.="" restricted="" s="" same="" shared="" show="" signals="" simply="" since="" social="" socialism="" society="" solidarity="" solidarity.="" src="http://www.eurozine.com/UserFiles/Image/stalder_110w.jpg" strengthening="" structural="" style="border: 0px; display: block; margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;" such="" t="" target="_blank" tenuous="" than="" that="" the="" them.="" theoretical="" theories="" they="" this="" through="" to="" two="" unexpected="" use="" value="" vertical="" very="" voluntary="" were="" where="" while="" with="" yochai="" /><br /> This article is an excerpt from Felix Stalder's book <i>Digital Solidarity</i>, published by Mute Books and Post-Media Lab. For further information on the book, please visit <a href="http://www.metamute.org/editorial/books/digital-solidarity" style="font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); background-color: transparent; padding: 0px;" target="_blank">Mute Books</a>.</div> <p>The most comprehensive new formations for organizing solidarity are developed through the renewal of the idea and practice of the commons or commoning. These are organized, long-term processes, by which a group of people manages a physical or informational resource for joint use. However, this is not the only form that can be distinguished in an admittedly schematic inventory of forms. Besides the commons, there are: assemblies, non-hierarchical, usually physical gatherings focused on consensus-based decision making; swarms, ad hoc, self-steering collective actors; and weak networks, groups constituted by extensive, yet casual and limited social interaction.</p> <h2 style="font-size: 14px; margin: 18px 0px 9px; font-weight: bold; clear: both;">Commons</h2> <p>Commons are long-term social and material processes. They cannot be created overnight and in order to become meaningful, they must exist over an extensive period of time. That means that they require some kind of institutional framework that is both durable and flexible enough to meet changing demands and circumstances. There is no single model for institutions of the commons. On the contrary, it is one of their characteristics that they are sensitive to the particulars of the resource held in common and the composition of the group that manages this resource for its use value, and the general context in which the commons exist. Consequently, Elinor Ostrom (1933-2012), the leading scholar on the commons, explicitly avoided building an institutional model of the commons. Rather, she identified a number "design principles", or general characteristics, that underlie what she called "long-enduring common-pool resource institutions".<sup><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNoteNUM3" name="footNote3" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;" id="footNote3">[3]</a></sup> According to her influential account, commons usually define and limit membership in the group that holds and manages the resource. This is more important in cases of physical commons, where there is danger of the resource being overused (the infamous "tragedy of the commons"), than in "non-rivalrous" digital resources which cannot be depleted. But, even in the latter case, there are usually conditions one needs to meet before being able to access the resource, such as accepting a free licence or adhering to community rules. Inside the group, there is often a kind of hierarchy based on a meritocratic principle, meaning that those who contribute more to the commons can usually use more of the resource (in the case of physical commons), or have a greater say over its development (in case of digital resources). In the case of digital commons, the meritocratic element helps to address the fact that the main challenge is not overuse but under-provision. Making sure that those who contribute most can determine the course of development helps to keep this crucial group of people inside the commons, which is valuable for everyone, thus their authority is usually not contested. Among the most important characteristics of commons is that they have some mechanisms for decision-making, which involve the members of the commons in a comprehensive way. This is the essential element of self-government: the establishment of the rules that govern the commons by the people in the commons. This goes far beyond simply making a choice among options determined by outside parties. Commons are not marketplaces without money. The relevant choices to be made here are collective not individual ones. Since establishing and maintaining rules is never a friction-free process, Ostrom points to the need to monitor compliance from within the commons and establish a system of graduated sanction, so that small violations can be sanctioned lightly, whereas substantial violations can trigger substantial consequences that can go as far as the expulsion of a person from the commons. Of course, inside the commons there are also conflicts that cannot easily be resolved by adherence to rules, so mechanisms of conflict resolution are required. Many of the problems within Wikipedia, for example, can be related to the fact that there is no functional way to resolve conflicts. They are often simply resolved by the fact that one party is more enduring than the other, or through decisions, such as banning certain contributors, that can appear extremely arbitrary.</p> <p>Finally, no commons exist in a social void. They are always part of larger social systems, which are usually oriented towards market exchanges or state control and thus are often hostile towards commons practices. Already simple recognition of the rights of the people to manage a resource as a commons and regulate their own affairs is politically contentious. But without it, the commons remains very vulnerable to expropriation from third parties. This is most problematic in the context of indigenous commons and the pressure to privatize resources.</p> <p>Ostrom highlights that commons are untouched by markets or states, but remain a means to engage and confront them and to force them to operate, or at least regulate, differently. The neo-anarchist approaches currently popular on the Left are thus short sighted. Their power lies in pointing out the need to develop functioning alternative institutions, but they are unable to articulate a strategy of how to engage with the state, and how to inscribe new agendas and new orientations into state institutions. Stefan Meretz, for example, summarizing ten years of debates within the Oekonux project claims that "commons-based peer production does not require to articulate people's needs in the form of opposing interests and thus is beyond politics".<sup><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNoteNUM4" name="footNote4" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;" id="footNote4">[4]</a></sup> If one understands politics as the mediation of opposing (class) interests and if one looks only at the social dynamics inside the commons, this might be correct. But it is an entirely inadequate way to frame the relationship between a commons and its wider environment. The state and its coercive laws create highly differentiated sets of possibilities, reflecting strong market oriented interests, interests that won't disappear by simply ignoring them.</p> <p>This problem is, perhaps, related to an unfortunate blindspot in existing commons research. Very little attention has been placed upon the relationship between commons and the wider social context, namely, state and markets. Elinor Ostrom, for example, only studied commons that have emerged organically from the bottom up. Thus, questions of context and embedding were already somehow solved (otherwise the commons would not have existed in the first place). But today since we are confronted with a neoliberal downsizing strategy that has opportunistically seized upon the concept of the communal self-reliance, named big society in the UK or resilient communities in the US, it is important to add two more "design principles": adequacy of resources and a shared cultural horizon. The first means that within the community the material resources to organize a commons should be available. It is cynical to demand self-organization from communities where the preconditions to do so are not available. So, in cases where the resources are not adequate to begin the process of commoning, one needs to ask how state and markets need to be transformed in order for resources to become adequately available to the commons. This, again, points to the need to engage with the state more explicitly.</p> <p>But not only do material resources need to be available, there also needs to be something like a shared cultural horizon against which trust can be deepened and decision making becomes possible. Without a rough but shared understanding of the nature of the problem and of desirable solutions no commons will ever be created. The necessity of the latter two conditions – which are usually taken for granted in the commons literature that focus on commons that already exist – may help to explain why it is so difficult to create new commons on a larger scale, despite the growing interest in the concept from NGOs and an explosion of activism creating new small scale commons, some physical and local (such as community gardens), others informational and distributed online.<sup><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNoteNUM5" name="footNote5" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;" id="footNote5">[5]</a></sup></p> <h2 style="font-size: 14px; margin: 18px 0px 9px; font-weight: bold; clear: both;">Assemblies</h2> <p>It is always difficult to build long-term institutional structures. But often, this is not necessary, at least not in the beginning. On a somewhat shorter timescale assemblies provide a part of, if not the, social core of the current wave of protests that began in the Mediterranean in late 2010, reached the US at Occupy Wall Street in September 2011, and flared up again in Turkey and Brazil in June 2013. Assemblies are usually physical gatherings. This requires access to a suitably large, open meeting space. That space has often been created through the occupation of squares, parks and other public spaces. These occupations operate on a symbolic and pragmatic level at the same time. They are as much about re-appropriating public spaces at the heart of the city, as they are about creating spaces of shared experiences and collective deliberation, thus translating and extending the networked experience of shared, autonomous communication and community-building back into physical space.</p> <p>Assemblies are based on a tradition of participatory democracy, but they are also developed in opposition to what is seen as the shortcomings of direct democracy, such as an overreliance on voting and an orientation towards majorities. In contrast, assemblies rarely vote. They are oriented towards consensus while, at the same time, allowing for the greatest multiplicity of voices. At times deliberate measures are taken to enable this diversity against the tendency of the most forceful or organized groups to dominate open and relatively unstructured discussions. One way has been to adopt a culture of instant feedback through hand signals, turning passive listeners into active commentators without interrupting the flow of the single voice whose turn it is to speak. A more radical expression of the same idea is the so-called "human mic", by which the audience repeats and therefore amplifies the voice of the speaker. Initially developed to overcome regulatory restrictions banning loudspeakers from Zuccotti Park, the local focal point of the Occupy Wall Street movement, it has turned into much more. It not only allows a single speaker without technical equipment to address a larger crowd, but also avoids the problem that positions of authority become established through technology. Speaking and listening comes into a new relation as both become weak yet active. Also, the Occupy Wall Street assemblies used, as a method to increase diversity, the progressive stack. A stack is simply the list of people signed up to take a turn to speak. It's the main way to organize the flows of speakers in the assembly. To avoid this list being filled with people who are usually encouraged to speak in public (say, white, educated men speaking in their native language), the stack ranks speakers from marginalized groups (say, women, people of colour, non-heterosexuals) higher in the list. This has deeply affected the character and self-understanding of the movement. As the first declaration was being prepared by Occupy Wall Street, the initial draft opened with the following line:</p> <p class="quote" style="color: rgb(17, 17, 17); margin: 15px 30px 15px 16px; font-size: 12px; line-height: 16px; padding: 6px 0px;">As one people, formerly divided by the colour of our skin, gender, sexual orientation, religion, or lack thereof, political party and cultural background, we acknowledge the reality: that there is only one race, the human race.</p> <p>This was quickly called out as a problematic papering over existing divisions – even within the movement. After a contentious debate that was shaped, among others, by a group of people who nicknamed themselves "POCcupiers", (People Of Colour) a different wording was adopted.<sup><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNoteNUM6" name="footNote6" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;" id="footNote6">[6]</a></sup> The final declaration, adopted on 29 September 2011, reads: "As one people, united, we acknowledge the reality: that the future of the human race requires the co-operation of its members."<sup><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNoteNUM7" name="footNote7" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;" id="footNote7">[7]</a></sup> </p> <p>Even though assemblies can be a cumbersome process and the case of the wording of the declaration shows that, for all its strengths, the need to build consensus can lead to weak solutions – divisions are not spelled out but only indirectly acknowledged as diversity ("members of the human race") – they have been crucial to the entire process, and the building of real solidarity that underlies it. For David Graeber, for example, it was this radically utopian and immediately practical break with the established institutional forms of protest and resistance, and the resulting refusal to engage in the standard modes of interaction with the dominant powers (by way of demands and delegates), that allowed to movement to spread so quickly and deeply. Whereas other, more conventional attempts to organize against the crisis did not gain much traction.<sup><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNoteNUM8" name="footNote8" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;" id="footNote8">[8]</a></sup> The leaderless structures of assemblies, the ease with which people shift between roles of speaker and listener, the way in which discussions are archived publicly (if they take place online) or minutes are taken and made available publicly, reflect a by now widely shared Internet culture of transparency and flexible participation. It is no coincidence that the last of the eight principles of solidarity, articulated through consensus by the New York General Assembly takes up the quintessential hacker demand: "making technologies, knowledge, and culture open to all to freely access, create, modify, and distribute."<sup><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNoteNUM9" name="footNote9" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;" id="footNote9">[9]</a></sup> The ease by which experiences and debates are shared and condensed, and by which the learning of one group can be made available to others, locally and globally, helps to expand the potential of assemblies beyond spaces of experience to ways of pragmatic organizing.</p> <p>Commons and assemblies share, most notably, a focus on rough consensus, rather than majorities, and consequently a reluctance towards voting, which usually serves as a means to produce majorities. In relation to commons, Ostrom explains this reluctance the following way:</p> <p class="quote" style="color: rgb(17, 17, 17); margin: 15px 30px 15px 16px; font-size: 12px; line-height: 16px; padding: 6px 0px;">substituting a simple majority vote for a series of long discussions and extensive efforts to come close to a consensus before making decisions that commit a self-governing community, may lead to those in leadership positions simply arranging agendas so that they win in the short run. But as soon as rules are seen as being imposed by a majority vote rather than being generally agreed upon, the costs of monitoring and enforcement are much higher. The group has lost quasi-voluntary compliance and must invest more heavily in enforcement to gain compliance.<sup><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNoteNUM10" name="footNote10" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;" id="footNote10">[10]</a></sup></p> <p>Thus, what might be efficient in the short term could be corrosive in the long term. Thus it is no coincidence that assemblies, rather than simple voting procedures, play a key role in the governing of many physical commons. In digital commons, there is also a general rejection of voting as a means of decision-making. The principles of the hacker culture, which informed much of the early Internet, are deeply inscribed in its technological infrastructure, and still shape the free and open source software world, were summarized by Arthur D. Clarke, then at the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), in 1992, when he famously declared: "we reject: kings, presidents and voting. We believe in: rough consensus and running code."<sup><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNoteNUM11" name="footNote11" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;" id="footNote11">[11]</a></sup> Majorities are not a good way to run voluntary associations, since they always run the danger of alienating the minority. In the case of online projects, it is very easy to leave and reconvene somewhere else. Hence, the rejection of voting in online communities is not related to the increased cost of monitoring compliance, but to the danger of the defection of contributors. Thus, there is a strong incentive for all participants to reach some form of consensus that ensures that the maximum number of contributors remain in the project.<sup><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNoteNUM12" name="footNote12" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;" id="footNote12">[12]</a></sup> Only in extreme cases where this is not possible, despite lengthy discussion processes, do splits in the community ("forking") indeed occur.</p> <h2 style="font-size: 14px; margin: 18px 0px 9px; font-weight: bold; clear: both;">Swarms</h2> <p>If the constant threat of decomposition lurking in the background is what keeps online communities committed to the complex task of establishing "rough consensus", then it is continuous oscillation between centripetal and centrifugal dynamics that lies at the very heart of the third new form: swarms. A contemporary social swarm consists of independent individuals who are using simple tools and rules to coordinate themselves horizontally to pursue a collective effort. "Anonymous" is probably the most spectacular case of digital swarming, but it lies at the heart of most stories about how the Internet enables spontaneous collective action through forms of "organizing without organization".<sup><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNoteNUM13" name="footNote13" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;" id="footNote13">[13]</a></sup> </p> <p>It is this collective effort, defined explicitly and pursued consciously by the participants themselves, that differentiates these swarms from other forms of emergent mass behaviour that have fascinated and frightened theorists of mass politics since Gustave Le Bon (1841-1931). Thus, a contemporary swarm is a coordinated mass of autonomous, self-conscious individuals. They do not, as Le Bon and his followers ever since have suggested, substitute their conscious activity as individuals (reason) for the unconscious action as a crowd (emotions).<sup><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNoteNUM14" name="footNote14" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;" id="footNote14">[14]</a></sup> Rather, they constitute a self-directed, conscious actor, not a manipulated unconscious one. One reason for this is that these new swarms are joined consciously one by one, rather than arising out of pre-existing crowds of people, and that they are maintained through explicit acts of horizontal, autonomous communication. It is misleading to continue to treat the two states of aggregation – collective and individual – as dichotomous, even when claiming that swarms such as Anonymous do not represent the "end of subjectivity". Instead, what arises is a new form of collective subjectivity without individual identity."<sup><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNoteNUM15" name="footNote15" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;" id="footNote15">[15]</a></sup></p> <p>This is the outside view that only sees the mask. Seen from the inside, this looks very different. As Rick Falkvinge, the founder of the Swedish Pirate Party, pointed out:</p> <p class="quote" style="color: rgb(17, 17, 17); margin: 15px 30px 15px 16px; font-size: 12px; line-height: 16px; padding: 6px 0px;">the complexity comes with the meritocracy that makes up how the Swarm <a href="http://arbonpublishing.com/">viagra online generic</a> operates and decides on courses of action as an organism. As all the people in the Swarm are volunteers – they are there because they think the Swarm can be a vehicle for change in an area they care about – the only way to lead is by inspiring others through action.<sup><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNoteNUM16" name="footNote16" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;" id="footNote16">[16]</a></sup></p> <p>Thus, the strength of the swarm comes from the number of individuals who join it and the focus it brings to their distributed, independent efforts. All swarms always start in the same way: a call for action and the availability of some resources to start acting right away. Social media researcher Clay Shirky identified three main requirements that must come together for such loosely organized cooperation to emerge: promise, tool and bargain.<sup><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNoteNUM17" name="footNote17" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;" id="footNote17">[17]</a></sup> The promise is the call for action. It need not only to be relevant to a critical number of people but also credibly attainable. The tools are the resources and strategies available to work towards the promise. Today, tools to co-ordinate the efforts of volunteers are readily available online and different tools, such as online forums, wikis or chats, are capable of sustaining different social dynamics on all scales. The "bargain" points to conditions one has to accept when entering the collective space of action. Only when the three dimensions match for a large number of people – the promise being attractive, the tools available, and the bargain not too onerous – does co-operation get underway. Over time, each of the three dimensions can change, and the swarm can grow, change direction or fall apart. For such swarms to be more than random and short-lived affairs, there needs to a fourth element, a common horizon, which, as cultural critic Brian Holmes explains, "allows the scattered members of a network to recognize each other as existing within a shared referential and imaginary universe." <sup><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNoteNUM18" name="footNote18" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;" id="footNote18">[18]</a></sup> It is through this common horizon that we can also differentiate politically between different swarms. While all swarms are based on some acts of social solidarity, it does not mean that they are always socially beneficial.</p> <h2 style="font-size: 14px; margin: 18px 0px 9px; font-weight: bold; clear: both;">Weak networks</h2> <p>Quantitatively speaking, weak networks – groups held together by casual and limited social interaction – are the most important of the new social forms. They are often created by using technologies labelled as "social web", or "web 2.0". These labels are unfortunate, because the important parts are not the technologies but the social formations and cultures that are built by using them. Due to their immense popularity, weak networks are setting a new baseline of what (inter)personal communication means today and they shape the new "common sense" about social interaction. They are the new normal. Aggregated users and their actions are measured in the billions, Facebook alone announced one billion active users in October 2012.<sup><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNoteNUM19" name="footNote19" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;" id="footNote19">[19]</a></sup> By the end of that year, between one third and a full half of the population in developed and many developing countries have been using social networks regularly. A large number of them have indicated that they are using these networks not just to share information about personal or "community issues", but also to share information about "political issues", meaning they are both a means to organize one's personal life as well as a means to engage with the world at large and to remake the world according this changed baseline of personal experience.<sup><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNoteNUM20" name="footNote20" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;" id="footNote20">[20]</a></sup> </p> <p>Despite the size of these social networks, and the very considerable resources and influence of the companies that own the related network infrastructures, I want to call them "weak networks" to highlight two aspects. First, these platforms excel at initiating and maintaining a large number of sporadic, limited interactions. These create what Marc Granovetter, over 40 years ago, named "weak ties".<sup><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNoteNUM21" name="footNote21" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;" id="footNote21">[21]</a></sup> Most people would agree that being a "Facebook friend" with someone means very little compared to a conventional, intimate friendship. This, of course, does not mean that an intimate friend cannot also be a Facebook friend, but that strong relationships tend to be built outside of Facebook and the latter is merely a small strand within this. But "weak" in this sense does not mean without consequence. On the contrary, Granovetter, in his foundational paper on network sociology, showed that it is precisely the information shared through "weak ties" that helps people to orient themselves in the larger society they live in. The reason being that people who share strong ties share a lot of knowledge about the same (small) aspects of society they know very well. Hence there is very little new information to be shared between them, but the information that is shared is very rich in meaning. Strong ties produce closely meshed, enduring groups, for the better or worse. The number of strong ties a person can maintain is usually very small, hence these groups tend to be small. Weak ties, on the other hand, allow the accommodation of lots of difference, because the areas of shared understanding and knowledge are, by definition, limited. Hence a lot of new information can pass through these connections, simply because the differences between the two parties connected can be significant and the number of weak ties a person possesses can be very large.</p> <p>One of the most important functions of weak ties is to connect closely meshed groups to one another and thus allow information to spread across a wider social range. They create "small worlds" insofar as they create structural conditions to share information efficiently across large social distances. The famous six degrees of separation example, first imagined by Hungarian playwright Frigyes Karinthy in a short story entitled "Chain Links" (1929) and first empirically tested by Stanley Milgram in 1967, illustrates this very well.<sup><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNoteNUM22" name="footNote22" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;" id="footNote22">[22]</a></sup> Seen from the point of view of network topology, it is assumed that two random people are connected to each other by an average of six nodes, these are six intermediary connections. This is a small number and cause of concern for epidemiologists. In social experience, however, a friend of a friend of a friend (two degrees of separation) is already a perfect stranger. This number, of course, is not a static natural phenomenon, but a function of network topology. Thus it is not surprising that within highly connected networks, this number is decreasing as the degree of connectivity is rising. Facebook announced in late 2011 that "as Facebook has grown over the years, representing an ever larger fraction of the global population, it has become steadily more connected. The average distance in 2008 was 5.28 hops, while now it is 4.74".<sup><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNoteNUM23" name="footNote23" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;" id="footNote23">[23]</a></sup> The "price", of course, is that social meaning of what counts as a "friend" has decreased so that by now, a Facebook friend of a Facebook friend, is – on a conventional social level – a stranger. Yet it is precisely a sense of connectedness to "quasi-strangers" that Facebook produces, and this is what allows weak networks to spread and what enables people to experience the world differently.</p> <p>The intriguing suggestion made by Granovetter was that the study of weak links offered a perspective to address one of the vexing problems of social theory, the connection between micro-level interactions and macro-level events. It is through weak ties, he argued, that information travels across society at large and thus creates certain types of informal macro-level coordination.<sup><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNoteNUM24" name="footNote24" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;" id="footNote24">[24]</a></sup> This has nothing to do with digital networks <i>per se</i>, but the new technologies of connection make it possible to maintain a great number of weak ties very efficiently. Managing very extensive networks used to be a privilege of the elites who commanded a very expensive infrastructure for this purpose, which included international meetings, conferences, clubs and support staff. Quantitatively speaking, this has been democratized. One no longer needs a personal secretary to remember the birthdays of 500 people. This has created many more small worlds (large but densely connected clusters), it has thus made the world as a whole much smaller, and affects the many ways micro-level interactions create macro-level events and vice-versa.</p> <p>At the same time, it may well be that these "small worlds" are again becoming more isolated from one another by way of the "filter bubble". The filter bubble is the effect of new algorithms that try to personalize the information flows by privileging information travelling over certain types of channel. In principle, they are favouring information coming through strong rather than weak ties, because strong ties indicate relevance. Yet, in practice, there are numerous signs that commercial communication is being privileged over non-commercial. Increasingly, commercial messages ("promoted posts" as Facebook calls them) are required to pass through the filtering algorithms.<sup><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNoteNUM25" name="footNote25" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;" id="footNote25">[25]</a></sup> This would suggest that weak networks do integrate and fracture the social world at the same time, creating a deeply integrated, yet highly non-linear, social geography.</p> <p>The presence of the new filtering algorithms highlights the second reason why it is useful to think of social networks as weak networks: the very limited degree of control users have over the tools through which they build their networks and thus over the types of social relationships they can build. While there is no direct, determining relationship between a tool and the social dynamics it can enable, tools and their particular, often subtle, designs do matter. This is particularly important in the case of the current crop of tools for creating and maintaining weak networks that are constructed for a dual purpose. One purpose is that of attracting users to share information with other people. In order to be successful, these tools need to offer something that is really useful to people. People are not duped into creating weak networks and they would stop using them if they did not offer tangible benefits. The ability to share information and build extensive social networks is of great, immediate value to most people. Yet, these tools are, of course, equally – arguably even primarily – constructed to create profits for investors who financed it and thus shaped it from the beginning. As such, these tools enable the transformation of social value (created between users) into commercial value (created by and on behalf of the owners of the platforms).</p> <p>At the heart of most digital social networks lies a tension between the horizontal exchanges through the users' weak ties to each other, and the vertical architecture of the platforms themselves. This techno-structural element in itself is not necessarily problematic. It could be seen simply as another instance of the typical layering of network architecture that often combines decentralization of one layer with centralization of another, making discussion of whether "the Internet" is a centralized or decentralized technology meaningless. Indeed, Wikipedia is an example where decentralized elements (the editing of individual articles, different language versions etc.) and centralized elements (the server infrastructure, the foundation) co-exist productively. However, Wikipedia is better characterized as a commons in which the contributors exercise a large measure of control over the institutional framework of their cooperation, which doesn't serve any other purpose than to support their efforts.</p> <p>In most weak networks, on the contrary, the tension arises from the deliberate congruence between two architectural designs (horizontal for the users, vertical for the owners of the infrastructure) and two value orientations (social value for users, commercial value the owners). During the first half-decade of the existence of most of these platforms, roughly between 2005 and 2010, this tension was barely noticeable, since the social took precedence over commercial values. In these years, the main goal of such platforms was to attract users. Business models were not yet implemented. Most of these services did not generate profits and investors were willing to delay short-term returns in hope of even bigger returns further down the line. This has changed since all these platforms were either acquired by publicly traded companies or have become publicly traded themselves. Now the tension has become much more visible. In just a single week towards the end of the 2012, Facebook, for example, announced that it would grant itself an unlimited licence to commercially exploit content generated by the users of one of its subsidiaries (the photo-sharing service Instagram). The intention to commercially appropriate material produced for its social value was so overwhelmingly obvious that users revolted almost immediately. To avert a public relations disaster, the changes in the terms of use were cancelled, but it was made clear that the service "was created to become a business. Advertising is one of many ways that [it] can become a self-sustaining business, but not the only one."<sup><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNoteNUM26" name="footNote26" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;" id="footNote26">[26]</a></sup> Whether this amounts to an apology or a threat is probably beside the point. The point being, the clear and simple statement of a basic fact: what is social interaction for some, is a business for others.</p> <p>To capture this tension Tiziana Terranova coined the term "free labour", which she situates at</p> <p class="quote" style="color: rgb(17, 17, 17); margin: 15px 30px 15px 16px; font-size: 12px; line-height: 16px; padding: 6px 0px;">the moment where this knowledgeable consumption of culture is translated into productive activities that are pleasurably embraced and at the same time often shamelessly exploited.<sup><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNoteNUM27" name="footNote27" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;" id="footNote27">[27]</a></sup></p> <p>In contrast to phenomena such as crowdsourcing – where a large number of independent would-be contractors are made to compete against each others for short term work – the transformation of value within and through social networks, does not easily fit the model of exploitation as proposed by labour theory.<sup><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNoteNUM28" name="footNote28" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;" id="footNote28">[28]</a></sup> What is created here are not new sweatshops but rather new pastures from which to extract rent. As Steffen Boehm explains:</p> <p class="quote" style="color: rgb(17, 17, 17); margin: 15px 30px 15px 16px; font-size: 12px; line-height: 16px; padding: 6px 0px;">In controlling social networking sites, companies like Facebook are able to charge a rent for access. This is not a direct rent [...] because Facebook is free to use. Rather, the rent is extracted as a tithe [...] so that, whilst consuming (freely) on Facebook, the user is simultaneously working (freely) for Facebook, producing themselves and their friends as audience and producing data that Facebook can commodify and sell. [....] Facebook does not reap a profit merely from organizing the paid labour of its relatively few employees [...], but extracts a rent from the commons produced by the free labour of its users.<sup><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNoteNUM29" name="footNote29" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;" id="footNote29">[29]</a></sup></p> <p>But this capture of the social process is not all. Increasingly, there is also direct rent. The ability to extract such rent, as David Harvey explains,</p> <p class="quote" style="color: rgb(17, 17, 17); margin: 15px 30px 15px 16px; font-size: 12px; line-height: 16px; padding: 6px 0px;">arises because social actors can realize an enhanced income stream over an extended time by virtue of their exclusive control over some directly or indirectly tradable item which is in some crucial respects unique and non-replicable.<sup><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNoteNUM30" name="footNote30" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;" id="footNote30">[30]</a></sup></p> <p>In the case of Facebook and others, this "tradable item" is the weak social ties. The aforementioned tendency towards "promoted posts" is perhaps the clearest indication for the extraction of direct rent, being rather similar to the ability of the owner, of say a bridge, to extract rent by setting up a toll both. The list of attempts to extract rent is near endless as the demands of investors to realize returns, either directly or through the rise of stock prices.</p> <p>If this tension spells doom for social networks – imploding as users feel alienated by the commercialization of their social spaces – or, if this represents a sustainable extension of the commercial logic even deeper into the social fabric remains to be seen. For now, they contribute to establishing co-operation and sharing, in some limited, possibly distorted way, as a normal social experience within a society otherwise dominated by competition and atomization in the markets.</p> <h2 style="font-size: 14px; margin: 18px 0px 9px; font-weight: bold; clear: both;">So What?</h2> <p>The phenomena described here are marginal, even if they can mobilize swarms of hundreds of thousands of people. Even the rise of weak networks as the new normal of social communication is still relatively shallow and superficial, compared to the deep institutions that continue to exert an overwhelming influence over our societies. So is this all just wishful just thinking? The result of a particular filter bubble that makes it hard to keep all the things that are suddenly visible in proportion to all the things that have been rendered invisible?</p> <p>It might well be, and its radical consequences depend ultimately on collective action. Yet, the trajectories discussed here embody one of the hopeful perspectives in a situation of deep crisis. The dominant institutions of the nation-state continue to lose legitimacy on a historic scale. Inside the EU, many countries are experiencing a breakdown of democracy. In March 2013, Bulgaria had no Prime Minister after a popular revolt against the austerity measures forced Prime Minister Boiko Borisov to resign, with nobody to succeed him as an interim Prime Minister. Italy was in political deadlock after an election, which was supposed to produce a legitimate government after more than a year of rule by an unelected technocrat, rendering Peppe Grillo's anti-party the strongest party in many regions. From Greece to Ireland formally elected governments have implemented socially destructive austerity measures representing not the will of the people but those of the "markets", that is, rich investors. In June 2013, with mass protests in Turkey and Brazil underway, the crisis of legitimacy has become visible even in countries with spectacular economic progress in the last decade.</p> <p>Under the pressure of crises, even the institutions of solidarity can turn ugly. As Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri remind us, that there are many "corrupt forms of the commons through which a desire for solidarity is channelled into practices of exclusion, expression and exploitation".<sup><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNoteNUM31" name="footNote31" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;" id="footNote31">[31]</a></sup> We can see elements of this in forms of participatory surveillance systems and in the affirmation of local communities turning xenophobic. In its most extreme case in Hungary, but also in the rise of right-wing populism across Europe. And the commercial infrastructures of weak networks are generating "big data" through which to monitor, predict and thus shape social life ever more deeply, by corporations and states alike.</p> <p>Yet, the crisis also offers a chance to remake society in a more inclusive and diverse way, expanding autonomy and solidarity at the same time. This will require many bridges between the islands of hope. From networked based cultures to those that can draw on sources outside the Western tradition to reinvent community and solidarity. From the new autonomous social institutions to those of the state still working in favour of the people. From social producers to market actors who can work with and contribute to common resources. There is tremendous innovation in all of these places, even in state institutions (particularly in Latin America), and the question will be how to connect the different threads so that they start to reinforce one another positively, and thus enable us to fill the void created by the waning of the culture and the institutions of the Gutenberg Galaxy.</p></div> <p> </p> <div class="line" style="clear: both; background-image: url(http://www.eurozine.com/Images/_bgDot.gif); height: 1px; line-height: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;"> </div> <p> </p> <div id="footnotes" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; line-height: normal;"> <ul style="margin: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-left: 25px;"><li id="footNoteNUM1" style="list-style-type: none; margin: 0px 0px 6px; padding: 0px;"><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNote1" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;"><sup>[1]</sup></a> See Friedrich A. Hayek, "The use of knowledge in society", <i>American Economic Review</i> 35, no. 4 (1945)</li> <li id="footNoteNUM2" style="list-style-type: none; margin: 0px 0px 6px; padding: 0px;"><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNote2" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;"><sup>[2]</sup></a> See Yochai Benkler, <i>The Wealth of Networks</i>, Yale University Press, 2006</li> <li id="footNoteNUM3" style="list-style-type: none; margin: 0px 0px 6px; padding: 0px;"><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNote3" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;"><sup>[3]</sup></a> See Elinor Ostrom, <i>Governing the Commons</i>, Cambridge University Press, 1990, 90</li> <li id="footNoteNUM4" style="list-style-type: none; margin: 0px 0px 6px; padding: 0px;"><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNote4" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;"><sup>[4]</sup></a> Stefan Meretz, "Ten patterns developed by the Oekonux project image", <i>Journal of Peer Production</i> 1 (July 2012). The Oekonux project was founded in 1999 to "research the possibilities of Free Software to fundamentally change the current political and economic structures". See:<a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oekonux" style="text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146);" target="_blank">en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oekonux</a>.</li> <li id="footNoteNUM5" style="list-style-type: none; margin: 0px 0px 6px; padding: 0px;"><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNote5" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;"><sup>[5]</sup></a> For an overview see David Bollier and Silke Helfrich (eds.), <i>The Wealth of the Commons: A World Beyond Market and State</i>, Levellers Press, 2012. <a href="http://wealthofthecommons.org/" style="text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146);" target="_blank">wealthofthecommons.org</a>.</li> <li id="footNoteNUM6" style="list-style-type: none; margin: 0px 0px 6px; padding: 0px;"><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNote6" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;"><sup>[6]</sup></a> <a href="http://www.thenation.com/article/164405/how-people-color-occupy-wall-street#" style="text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146);" target="_blank">www.thenation.com/article/164405/how-people-color-occupy-wall-street#</a></li> <li id="footNoteNUM7" style="list-style-type: none; margin: 0px 0px 6px; padding: 0px;"><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNote7" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;"><sup>[7]</sup></a> <a href="http://occupywallst.org/forum/first-official-release-from-occupy-wall-street/">http://occupywallst.org/forum/first-official-relea...</a></li> <li id="footNoteNUM8" style="list-style-type: none; margin: 0px 0px 6px; padding: 0px;"><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNote8" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;"><sup>[8]</sup></a> <a href="http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/2011/11/2011112872835904508.html" style="text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146);" target="_blank">www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/2011/11/ 2011112872835904508.html</a></li> <li id="footNoteNUM9" style="list-style-type: none; margin: 0px 0px 6px; padding: 0px;"><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNote9" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;"><sup>[9]</sup></a> <a href="http://www.nycga.net/resources/documents/principles-of-solidarity/" style="text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146);" target="_blank">www.nycga.net/resources/documents/principles-of-solidarity/</a></li> <li id="footNoteNUM10" style="list-style-type: none; margin: 0px 0px 6px; padding: 0px;"><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNote10" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;"><sup>[10]</sup></a> See Elinor Ostrom, "Design principles and threats to sustainable organizations that manage commons", Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis. Workshop Working Paper W99-6, 1999. See:<a href="http://dlc.dlib.indiana.edu/" style="text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146);" target="_blank">dlc.dlib.indiana.edu</a></li> <li id="footNoteNUM11" style="list-style-type: none; margin: 0px 0px 6px; padding: 0px;"><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNote11" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;"><sup>[11]</sup></a> David D. Clark, "A cloudy crystal ball: Visions of the future", Proceedings of the Twenty-Fourth Internet Engineering Task Force, MIT, 13-17 July 1992, 551, <a href="http://www.ietf.org/proceedings/24.pdf" style="text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146);" target="_blank">www.ietf.org/proceedings/24.pdf</a></li> <li id="footNoteNUM12" style="list-style-type: none; margin: 0px 0px 6px; padding: 0px;"><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNote12" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;"><sup>[12]</sup></a> As an example of the extraordinary length projects are willing to engage to find consensus while transforming its mode of governance, the most ambitious challenge of self-rule, see George Dafermos, "Authority in peer production: The emergence of governance in the FreeBSD project",<i>Journal of Peer Production</i> 1 (July 2012).</li> <li id="footNoteNUM13" style="list-style-type: none; margin: 0px 0px 6px; padding: 0px;"><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNote13" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;"><sup>[13]</sup></a> See Felix Stalder, "Enter the swarm: Anonymous and the global protest movements", <i>Le Monde Diplomatique</i>, February 2012. The memorable phrase quoted is from Clay Shirky, <i>Here Comes Everybody: The Power of Organizing Without Organizations</i>, Penguin Press, 2008. For a critique see Felix Stalder, "Analysis without analysis", <i>Mute Magazine</i>, 28 June 2008, <a href="http://www.metamute.org/editorial/articles/analysis-without-analysis" style="text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146);" target="_blank">www.metamute.org/editorial/articles/analysis-without-analysis</a>.</li> <li id="footNoteNUM14" style="list-style-type: none; margin: 0px 0px 6px; padding: 0px;"><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNote14" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;"><sup>[14]</sup></a> See Gustave Le Bon, <i>Psychologie des foules</i>, 1896. Available as The Crowd: Study of the Popular Mind, Batoche Books, 2001 (online).</li> <li id="footNoteNUM15" style="list-style-type: none; margin: 0px 0px 6px; padding: 0px;"><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNote15" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;"><sup>[15]</sup></a> See Harry Halpin, "The philosophy of Anonymous: Ontological politics without identity, <i>Radical Philosophy</i> 176 (Nov/Dec, 2012)</li> <li id="footNoteNUM16" style="list-style-type: none; margin: 0px 0px 6px; padding: 0px;"><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNote16" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;"><sup>[16]</sup></a> Rik Falkvinge, "Swarmwise: What is a swarm?", 8 January 2011,<a href="http://falkvinge.net/2011/08/01/swarmwise-what-is-a-swarm/" style="text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146);" target="_blank">falkvinge.net/2011/08/01/swarmwise-what-is-a-swarm/</a></li> <li id="footNoteNUM17" style="list-style-type: none; margin: 0px 0px 6px; padding: 0px;"><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNote17" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;"><sup>[17]</sup></a> Clay Shirky, <i>Here Comes Everybody: The Power of Organizing Without Organizations</i>, Penguin Press, 2008</li> <li id="footNoteNUM18" style="list-style-type: none; margin: 0px 0px 6px; padding: 0px;"><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNote18" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;"><sup>[18]</sup></a> Brian Holmes, "Swarmachine", <i>Continental Drift Blog</i>, 21 June 2007,<a href="http://brianholmes.wordpress.com/2007/07/21/swarmachine/" style="text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146);" target="_blank">brianholmes.wordpress.com/2007/07/21/swarmachine/</a></li> <li id="footNoteNUM19" style="list-style-type: none; margin: 0px 0px 6px; padding: 0px;"><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNote19" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;"><sup>[19]</sup></a> <a href="http://newsroom.fb.com/News/457/One-Billion-People-on-Facebook" style="text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146);" target="_blank">newsroom.fb.com/News/457/One-Billion-People-on-Facebook</a></li> <li id="footNoteNUM20" style="list-style-type: none; margin: 0px 0px 6px; padding: 0px;"><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNote20" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;"><sup>[20]</sup></a> <a href="http://www.pewglobal.org/2012/12/12/social-networking-popular-across-globe/" style="text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146);" target="_blank">www.pewglobal.org/2012/12/12/social-networking-popular-across-globe/</a></li> <li id="footNoteNUM21" style="list-style-type: none; margin: 0px 0px 6px; padding: 0px;"><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNote21" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;"><sup>[21]</sup></a> See Marc Granovetter, "The strength of weak ties", <i>The American Journal of Sociology</i> 78, no. 6, (1973): 1360-80. His foundational definition of the strength of a tie is the following, "a combination of the amount of time, the intensity, the intimacy (mutual confiding) and the reciprocal services" (1361).</li> <li id="footNoteNUM22" style="list-style-type: none; margin: 0px 0px 6px; padding: 0px;"><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNote22" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;"><sup>[22]</sup></a> Stanley Milgram, "The small world problem", <i>Psychology Today</i>, May 1967, 60-7</li> <li id="footNoteNUM23" style="list-style-type: none; margin: 0px 0px 6px; padding: 0px;"><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNote23" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;"><sup>[23]</sup></a> <a href="https://www.facebook.com/notes/facebook-data-team/anatomy-of-facebook/10150388519243859" style="text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146);">www.facebook.com/notes/facebook-data-team/anatomy-of-facebook/10150388519243859</a></li> <li id="footNoteNUM24" style="list-style-type: none; margin: 0px 0px 6px; padding: 0px;"><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNote24" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;"><sup>[24]</sup></a> This idea was later picked up by Bruno Latour, who claimed that here is only the micro-level and that what appears to be macro is simply a very long chain of micro-transactions.</li> <li id="footNoteNUM25" style="list-style-type: none; margin: 0px 0px 6px; padding: 0px;"><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNote25" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;"><sup>[25]</sup></a> See Eli Pariser, <i>The Filter Bubble: What the Internet Is Hiding from You</i>, Penguin Press, 2011</li> <li id="footNoteNUM26" style="list-style-type: none; margin: 0px 0px 6px; padding: 0px;"><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNote26" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;"><sup>[26]</sup></a> <a href="http://blog.instagram.com/post/38252135408/thank-you-and-were-listening" style="text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146);" target="_blank">blog.instagram.com/post/38252135408/thank-you-and-were-listening</a></li> <li id="footNoteNUM27" style="list-style-type: none; margin: 0px 0px 6px; padding: 0px;"><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNote27" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;"><sup>[27]</sup></a> See Tiziana Terranova, "Free labor: Producing culture for the digital economy", 20 June 2003, <a href="http://www.electronicbookreview.com/" style="text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146);" target="_blank">www.electronicbookreview.com</a></li> <li id="footNoteNUM28" style="list-style-type: none; margin: 0px 0px 6px; padding: 0px;"><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNote28" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;"><sup>[28]</sup></a> Following the classic Marxist argument, Christian Fuchs, for example, argues that the rate of exploitation is "infinite", since the labour costs are zero (users are not paid to generate data) and surplus (profits) is being generated. While this is technically correct (the rate of exploitation in Marxist theory is calculated as a function of labour costs and surplus), this infinity is not the result of unprecedented exploitation but of the inadequacy of the formula. See Christian Fuchs, "Class and exploitation on the Internet", in Trebor Scholz, <i>Digital Labor: The Internet as Factory and Playground</i>, Routledge, 2013, 211-24.</li> <li id="footNoteNUM29" style="list-style-type: none; margin: 0px 0px 6px; padding: 0px;"><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNote29" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;"><sup>[29]</sup></a> Steffen Boehm, "The value of Marx: Free labour, rent and 'primitive' accumulation in Facebook", Working paper, University of Essex, May 2012</li> <li id="footNoteNUM30" style="list-style-type: none; margin: 0px 0px 6px; padding: 0px;"><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNote30" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;"><sup>[30]</sup></a> David Harvey, "The art of rent", <i>Socialist Register</i> 38 (2002) 94</li> <li id="footNoteNUM31" style="list-style-type: none; margin: 0px 0px 6px; padding: 0px;"><a class="footnote" href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html#footNote31" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(45, 69, 146); margin: 0px; padding: 0px; line-height: 0px;"><sup>[31]</sup></a> See Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri, <i>Commonwealth</i>, Harvard University Press, 2012</li> <li style="list-style-type: none; margin: 0px 0px 6px; padding: 0px;"> </li> </ul><p style="list-style-type: none; margin: 0px 0px 6px; padding: 0px;">Source: <a href="http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalder-en.html">http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2014-02-26-stalde...</a></p> </div> </div></div></div><div class="form-item form-type-item"> <label>Language </label> English </div> Wed, 26 Feb 2014 12:09:31 +0000 capprich 246 at http://postmedialab.org Taking Care of Things! (Jan 15-18) http://postmedialab.org/taking-care-of-things <div class="field field-name-field-mainmenu field-type-taxonomy-term-reference field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Site area:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><a href="/lab">lab</a></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-image field-type-image field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><img src="http://postmedialab.org/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/field/image/care-bears_flickr_common_ccbyncsa_7421322612_5e79f8da53_h_kl.png?itok=LAcIS0ON" width="550" height="413" alt="" /></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-file field-type-file field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">File:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><span class="file"><img class="file-icon" alt="" title="application/pdf" src="/modules/file/icons/application-pdf.png" /> <a href="http://postmedialab.org/sites/default/files/A5_TCofT-EN.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=370690">A5_TCofT-EN.pdf</a></span></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><div style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;">January 15-18</div> <div id="magicdomid3" style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"><span class="b" style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;"><b>Taking Care of Things! </b></span></div> <div id="magicdomid4" style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"><span class="b i" style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;"><b><i>Archives - Life-Cycles - Care</i></b></span></div> <div id="magicdomid5" style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"><i style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px;">organized by Post-Media Lab/CDC and Brown University/Habits of Living in cooperation with the Stadtarchiv Lüneburg</i></div> <div id="magicdomid6" style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"> </div> <div id="magicdomid7" style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"><span style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;">Venue: Stadtarchiv Lüneburg, Germany | </span><a href="http://goo.gl/maps/amGfe" style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px;" target="_blank">here on map</a></div> <div id="magicdomid8" style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"> </div> <div id="magicdomid9" style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"><span style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;">From the perspective of current theoretical approaches the figure of the </span><span class="i" style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;"><i>archive</i></span><span style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;"> seems to have lost its central status and its </span><span class="i" style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;"><i>fever</i></span><span style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;">. Meanwhile, in our medial and cultural set-up new (kinds of) archives seem to crop up everywhere, accelerated by new means of production and distribution. Cultural repertoires are being remixed alongside technological repositories – often giving new life to almost forgotten relics. Ever more things, valuables, processes, projects, constituencies, even movements, need to be </span><span class="i" style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;"><i>taken care of</i></span><span style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;">. It is not only cultural and critical theory that is being challenged, but also law, the natural sciences and design, alongside other applied sciences. But what are the complex dynamics and contexts of these new (non-)archives? Do they really make sense? And if so, by and for whom?</span></div> <div style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"> </div> <div id="magicdomid10" style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"><span style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;">To address these questions, 'Taking Care of Things!' focuses on the transformation of things – analog and digital – into life-cycles and specific practices of care. This will be done in different thematic groups dealing with topics, like Mesh Media!, Civil Archaeology, Measure Drones, Unearthing the Archive, Translating Ontologies and Extinction in Context.</span></div> <div id="magicdomid11" style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"> </div> <div id="magicdomid12" style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"><span style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;">This workshop will address such fundamental changes in archiving and objects by generating practices and chances to take care of things. That is, we will seek to extend (or sometimes end) the life-cycle of objects not by simply preserving them (this usually guarantees they will be forgotten), but rather through acts that respond, react, and/or reuse. </span></div> <div id="magicdomid13" style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"> </div> <div id="magicdomid14" style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"><span style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;">'Taking Care of Things!' will be based at and operating from the Stadtarchiv Lüneburg, the city's rich and still to-be-further-explored archive, headed by Danny Kolbe.</span></div> <div style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"> </div> <div style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"> <hr /><p> </p> <p> </p> </div> <div style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"><span style="background-color:Yellow;"><strong><span style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;">– ... and this was 'it':</span></strong></span></div> <div id="magicdomid15" style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"> </div> <p><object classid="clsid:D27CDB6E-AE6D-11cf-96B8-444553540000" height="400" id="ssidx" width="550"><param name="movie" value="http://cdn.smugmug.com/ria/ShizamSlides-2013072402.swf" /><param name="flashVars" value="AlbumID=36114345&amp;AlbumKey=77CnS7&amp;transparent=true&amp;bgColor=&amp;borderThickness=&amp;borderColor=&amp;useInside=&amp;endPoint=&amp;mainHost=cdn.smugmug.com&amp;VersionNos=2013072402&amp;width=550&amp;height=400&amp;clickToImage=true&amp;captions=false&amp;showThumbs=false&amp;autoStart=true&amp;showSpeed=true&amp;pageStyle=black&amp;showButtons=true&amp;randomStart=false&amp;randomize=true&amp;splash=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.lerone.net&amp;splashDelay=0&amp;crossFadeSpeed=500" /><param name="wmode" value="transparent" /><param name="allowNetworking" value="all" /><param name="allowScriptAccess" value="always" /><embed allownetworking="all" allowscriptaccess="always" flashvars="AlbumID=36114345&amp;AlbumKey=77CnS7&amp;transparent=true&amp;bgColor=&amp;borderThickness=&amp;borderColor=&amp;useInside=&amp;endPoint=&amp;mainHost=cdn.smugmug.com&amp;VersionNos=2013072402&amp;width=550&amp;height=400&amp;clickToImage=true&amp;captions=false&amp;showThumbs=false&amp;autoStart=true&amp;showSpeed=true&amp;pageStyle=black&amp;showButtons=true&amp;randomStart=false&amp;randomize=true&amp;splash=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.lerone.net&amp;splashDelay=0&amp;crossFadeSpeed=500" height="400" src="http://cdn.smugmug.com/ria/ShizamSlides-2013072402.swf" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" width="550" wmode="transparent"></embed></object></p> <p><span style="background-color:Yellow;"><strong>further documentation by participants:</strong></span></p> <p>_ Constant / Active Archives : <a href="http://activearchives.org/wiki/Taking_care_of_things_(Participation)" target="_blank">here</a><br /> _ Owen Mundy : <a href="http://owenmundy.com/blog/2014/01/the-earth-observation-guide-post-media-lab-notes/" target="_blank">here</a><br /> _ Deckspace : <a href="http://filmcode.org/deckspacetv/?p=664" target="_blank">here</a></p> <p><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px;">&gt;&gt; </span><a href="http://aembit.lerone.net/IProject/Post-Media-Lab/Taking-Care-of-Things-140115/" style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px;" target="_blank"><span style="background-color: yellow;">provisional documentation...</span></a></p> <hr /><div id="magicdomid16" style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"> <div style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px; padding-right: 1px;"> </div> <div id="magicdomid4" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px; padding-right: 1px;"><span class="u" style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;"><u>January 15-18 | </u></span><u>Taking Care of Things!</u></div> <div id="magicdomid6" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px; padding-right: 1px;"> </div> <div id="magicdomid8" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px; padding-right: 1px;"><u><strong><span style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;">PROGRAM (public parts)</span></strong></u></div> <div id="magicdomid9" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px; padding-right: 1px;"> </div> <div id="magicdomid10" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px; padding-right: 1px;"><span class="b" style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;"><b>Wednesday, Jan 15</b></span></div> <div style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px; padding-right: 1px;"><strong>14:00 </strong><em>Campus Leuphana University (room</em> <em>C5.225</em><em>)</em></div> <div style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px; padding-right: 1px;">workshop by Kelly Dobson [part of College Lectures*]</div> <div style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px; padding-right: 1px;"><span style="font-size:14px;"><strong>"Designing New Tools for Everyday Superheroes</strong></span></div> <div style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px; padding-right: 1px;"><span style="font-size:14px;"><strong>- Body and Environment Extensions for Under-Represented Traumas"</strong></span></div> <div style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px; padding-right: 1px;"> </div> <div id="magicdomid11" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px; padding-right: 1px;"><span class="b" style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;"><b>18:00 </b></span><span class="i" style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;"><i>Stadtarchiv</i></span></div> <div id="magicdomid12" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px; padding-right: 1px;"><span style="font-size: 14px;"><span class="b" style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;"><b>Introduction to Taking Care of Things</b></span></span></div> <div style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px; padding-right: 1px;">short event-introductions by Oliver Lerone Schultz and Nishant Shah</div> <div id="magicdomid13" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px; padding-right: 1px;"><span style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;">- 18:30: lecture by Kelly Dobson (</span>Rhode Island School of Design<span style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;">):</span></div> <div style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px; padding-right: 1px;"><strong><span style="font-size: 14px;"><span style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;">'</span>Why It Matters The Way Things Break</span></strong><span style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;"><strong><span style="font-size: 14px;">'</span></strong> (Kelly Dobson will be introduced by Wendy Chun/Brown University)</span></div> <div style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px; padding-right: 1px;"><span style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;">-19:30: a temporarily installed <span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong>Public Library</strong></span> offering the first charge of Post-Media Lab publications. Bring your own devices to download them live!</span></div> <div id="magicdomid14" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px; padding-right: 1px;"> </div> <div id="magicdomid15" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px; padding-right: 1px;"><span class="b" style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;"><b>Friday, Jan 17</b></span></div> <div id="magicdomid16" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px; padding-right: 1px;"><span class="b" style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;"><b>21:00 </b><em>(</em></span><em>Zum Kollektiv | Scharffsche Haus, Heiligengeiststr. 38, 21335 Lüneburg)</em></div> <div id="magicdomid17" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px; padding-right: 1px;"><span style="font-size: 14px;"><span class="b" style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;"><b>Screening Things</b></span><span style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;"> </span></span></div> <div id="magicdomid18" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px; padding-right: 1px;"><span style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;">a curated public screening including footage from the Stadtarchiv and works by 'Taking Care of Things!' participants</span></div> <div id="magicdomid19" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px; padding-right: 1px;"> </div> <div id="magicdomid20" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px; padding-right: 1px;"><span class="b" style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;"><b>Saturday, Jan 18</b></span></div> <div style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px; padding-right: 1px;"><span style="font-size: 12px;"><strong>11:00 - 13:00</strong> <em>Freiraum</em></span></div> <div style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px; padding-right: 1px;"><span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong>lueneburg freifunk derive:</strong></span></div> <p><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px; font-size: 12px;">Freifunk – Grundversorgung 2.0 – tacticalmediafiles – interlace – Stadtarchiv Lüneburg – introducing a commonly built local media mesh for Lüneburg with diverse and distributed, location specific media content presentation + city walk – please pre-register at: <a href="http://tiny.cc/rhy98w">http://tiny.cc/rhy98w</a> registrieren.</span></p> <div style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px; padding-right: 1px;"> </div> <div id="magicdomid21" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px; padding-right: 1px;"><span class="b" style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;"><b>13:00 - 17:00 </b></span><span class="i" style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;"><i>Stadtarchiv</i></span></div> <div id="magicdomid22" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px; padding-right: 1px;"><span style="font-size: 14px;"><span class="b" style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;"><b>Parliament of Things </b></span></span></div> <div id="magicdomid23" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px; padding-right: 1px;"><span style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;">a public fair and exhibition displaying the results of the two-day workshop intermixed with city archive material—an opportunity for the public to engage with 'Taking Care of Things!' and the Stadtarchiv in a variety of activities igniting &amp; deepening conversations around archives, life-cycles and care.</span></div> </div> <div id="magicdomid19" style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"> </div> <div style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"><img alt="" src="/sites/www.postmedialab.org/files/Taking-Care-of-Things_poster_kl.png" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px; height: 749px; width: 530px;" /></div> <div style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"> </div> <div id="magicdomid20" style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"><span style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;">'Taking Care of Things!' will create multiple interweavings not only with the rich repository of the Stadtarchiv, but also with the multiple potentials of existing and new collaborations around the Center for Digital Cultures </span>– possibly starting some repositories that will carry on into a future, where the Post-Media Lab will have been supplanted by other, new life-cycles.​</div> <div id="magicdomid23" style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"> </div> <div id="magicdomid24" style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"><span style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;">'Taking Care of Things!' is a collaborative event between Habits of Living (Brown University, CIS Bangalore) and the Post-Media Lab in conjunction with Stadtarchiv Lüneburg. </span></div> <div id="magicdomid25" style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"><span style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;">This event will mark the conclusion of the first life-cycle of the Post-Media Lab by bringing together former fellows and new participants.</span></div> <div id="magicdomid26" style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"> </div> <div id="magicdomid27" style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"><span style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;">Among the participants are: Adnan Hadzi and James Steven (DeckspaceTV), Femke Snelting and Michael Murtaugh (Constant/Active Archives), Eric Kuitenberg and David Garcia (Tactical Media Files), Boaz Levin and </span><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px;">Daniel Herleth and Adam Kaplan (</span><span style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;">The Rise of Data), </span><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px;">Fabian Giraud and Inigo Wilkins (</span><span style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;">Glass Bead), Jonathan Kemp and Martin Howse („Stack, Frame, Heap –SFH)"</span><span style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;">, as well as Memory of the World (Marcell Mars), </span><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px;"> Mathias Fuchs (Gamification Lab),</span><span style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;"> Cornelia Sollfrank (</span><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px;">Giving </span><span style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;">What You Don´t Have), Hauke Winkler (Freifunk Lüneburg), Robert Ochshorn (InterLace), Tapio Makela (M.A.R.I.N.) [had to cancel bec of illness], Fabrizio Augusto Poltronieri (MaisZero), </span>Rodrigo Novaes (Flusser Archiv/UdK),<span style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;"> Owen Mundy (</span><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px;">Living under Drones)</span><span style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;">, Kristian Lukic (NAPON),Vahida</span> Ramujkic (irational), Volker Grassmuck (CDC/Grundversorgung 2.0)<span style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;">, </span><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px;">Kilian Froitzhuber </span><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px;">(netzpolitik.org</span><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px;">),</span><span style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;"> Vincent Normand, </span>Jeremy Lecomte, <span style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;">Ida Soulard, </span><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 17px;">Erich Berger, Connie Mendoza, </span>and more.</div> <div id="magicdomid28" style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"> </div> <div id="magicdomid29" style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"><strong><span style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;">coordination &amp; care</span></strong></div> <div id="magicdomid30" style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"><span style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;">Christina Kral: <a href="mailto:christina.kral@inkubator.leuphana.de">christina.kral@inkubator.leuphana.de</a></span></div> <div id="magicdomid31" style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"><span style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;">Oliver Lerone Schultz: <a href="mailto:oschultz@leuphana.de">oschultz@leuphana.de</a></span></div> <div style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"> </div> <div style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"><strong><span style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;">team</span></strong></div> <div style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"><span style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;">Wendy Chun, Nishant Shah, Clemens Apprich, Josie Berry Slater, Anthony Iles; and Nora Hannemann, Sina Hurnik, Nina Kersten, Ann-Kathrin Wagner, Nicolas Stille</span></div> <div style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"> </div> <div style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"> <div style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"> </div> <div style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"><strong>all events: </strong></div> <div style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"><span style="background-color:Yellow;">Stadtarchiv Lüneburg, Wallstr 4, 21335 Lüneburg | <a href="http://goo.gl/maps/amGfe" target="_blank">here on map</a></span></div> <div id="magicdomid24" style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"><em>– except: </em></div> <div style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"><em>"Screening Things", fri. 9pm: Zum Kollektiv | </em>Scharffsche Haus, Heiligengeiststr. 38, 21335 Lüneburg | <a href="http://www.zumkollektiv.de/" target="_blank">website</a></div> <div style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;">"Designing New Tools for Everyday Superheroes" | Leuphana Campus, Campus, Raum C5.225 | College Lectures*</div> <div id="magicdomid25" style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"><span class="i" style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;"><i>– For updates on a detailed program please visit here again :-)</i></span></div> <div style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"> </div> <div style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"><span class="i" style="cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;"><i>Facebook anyone?</i></span></div> <div style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;">Taking Care of Things @Facebook: <a href="https://www.facebook.com/events/215105132009844">https://www.facebook.com/events/215105132009844</a></div> <div style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;">Screening Things @Facebook: <a href="https://www.facebook.com/events/207126602809954">https://www.facebook.com/events/207126602809954</a></div> <div style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"> </div> <div style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"> </div> <div style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"><span style="font-size:11px;"><em>* College Lectures: This winter's series "Science in the (Art) Laboratory" is organized by the Leuphana Arts Program and the team of Leuphana College in cooperation with the Center of Methods of Leuphana University.“</em></span></div> </div> <div id="magicdomid32" style="padding-right: 1px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"> </div> <div style="padding-right: 1px; text-align: right; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 17px;"><span style="color: rgb(128, 128, 128); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 16.99652862548828px; cursor: auto; padding-top: 1px; padding-bottom: 1px;"><small>i</small>mage: CareBears. </span><span style="color: rgb(128, 128, 128); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 16.99652862548828px;">ElizabethCary (2011). – CC by-nc-sa</span></div> </div></div></div><div class="form-item form-type-item"> <label>Language </label> English </div> <div class="field field-name-field-tags field-type-taxonomy-term-reference field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Tags:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><a href="/tags/actors">actors</a></div><div class="field-item odd"><a href="/tags/activism">activism</a></div><div class="field-item even"><a href="/tags/aesthetics">aesthetics</a></div><div class="field-item odd"><a href="/tags/art">art</a></div><div class="field-item even"><a href="/tags/biopolitics">biopolitics</a></div><div class="field-item odd"><a href="/tags/commodification">commodification</a></div><div class="field-item even"><a href="/tags/commons">commons</a></div><div class="field-item odd"><a href="/tags/communities">communities</a></div><div class="field-item even"><a href="/tags/culture">culture</a></div><div class="field-item odd"><a href="/tags/intervention">intervention</a></div><div class="field-item even"><a href="/tags/participation">participation</a></div><div class="field-item odd"><a href="/tags/post-humanism">post-humanism</a></div><div class="field-item even"><a href="/tags/sociality">sociality</a></div><div class="field-item odd"><a href="/tags/life-vs-object">Life vs. Object</a></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-events field-type-taxonomy-term-reference field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even">Taking Care of Things!</div></div></div> Tue, 25 Feb 2014 09:59:54 +0000 oliver 228 at http://postmedialab.org We Need to Talk About Networked Disruption and Business http://postmedialab.org/node/244 <div class="field field-name-field-mainmenu field-type-taxonomy-term-reference field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Site area:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><a href="/post">post</a></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p><span style="line-height: 1.6em;">An interview with Tatiana Bazzichelli | </span><span style="line-height: 1.6em;">By Marc Garrett | furtherfield | 13/02/2014</span></p> <p>Introduction.</p> <p>In light of absolute domination by market forces over all of our lives, and with the top-down orientated power systems' bias towards business and the implementation of a consumer class. New ways of thinking around the problem is called for. There has been a dramatic shift of unethical companies such <a href="http://www.ejsmith.com/">http://www.ejsmith.com/</a> as BP funding art’s and technology projects, and mainstream museums and galleries in the UK. [1] Alongside this, those hoping to receive arts funding are told to be innovative and more entrepreneurial than they already are. What they really mean by 'innovative and entrepreneurial' is, get in line with the values of a corporate mentality, and not be contextual or critical in one's art practice. This wholesale move towards business as it further dominates the content, ideas, societal context, and missions by artists and art collectives - is of deep concern for all who wish to explore freedoms of expression on their own terms and not inline with the state’s or a corporation’s set of diverting agendas.</p> <p>Art activism in media art and transdiscilpnary arts culture has engaged with political and societal issues while under the gaze of neoliberalism quite successfully. However, what changes have occured that we can draw upon to say we have built real alternative values for others to work with? [...]</p> <p>Tatiana Bazzichelli´s <q> proposition is that we need climb out of these oppositional loops in order to find different ways of being, and refocus on potential art strategies in relation to a broken economy. In her publication Networked Disruption: Rethinking Oppositions in Art, Hacktivism and the Business of Social Networking, Bazzichelli puts forward the notion of disruptive business and it »becomes a means for describing immanent practices of hackers, artists, networkers and entrepreneurs«, and sheds »light on two different but related critical scenes: that of Californian tech culture and that of European net culture – with a specific focus on their multiple approaches towards business and political antagonism.«[...]</q></p> <p>My reflections are the consequence of a process of direct involvement within the activist (or rather “artivist”) scene in Italy since the mid-90s, and furthermore, they are based on the analysis of a more international fieldwork of practices between the Europen tradition of netculture, and the development of cyberculture in California. Practically all my books are to be thought of as subjective, and as consequences of a personal experience which aims to create connections between very diverse fields of action, applying the idea of networking both in theory and practice, and as a methodology of writing. </p> <p><span style="background-color:Yellow;">see the whole interview: </span></p> <p><a href="http://www.furtherfield.org/features/interviews/we-need-talk-about-networked-disruption-art-hacktivism-and-business" target="_blank"><span style="line-height: 1.6em;">http://www.furtherfield.org/features/interviews/we-need-talk-about-networked-disruption-art-hacktivism-and-business</span></a></p> </div></div></div><div class="form-item form-type-item"> <label>Language </label> English </div> <div class="field field-name-field-tags field-type-taxonomy-term-reference field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Tags:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><a href="/tags/subsumption-sociality-0">&#039;The Subsumption of Sociality&#039;</a></div><div class="field-item odd"><a href="/tags/activism">activism</a></div><div class="field-item even"><a href="/tags/aesthetics">aesthetics</a></div><div class="field-item odd"><a href="/tags/collaboration">collaboration</a></div><div class="field-item even"><a href="/tags/berlin">berlin</a></div><div class="field-item odd"><a href="/tags/commodification">commodification</a></div><div class="field-item even"><a href="/tags/alternatives">alternatives</a></div><div class="field-item odd"><a href="/tags/gender">gender</a></div><div class="field-item even"><a href="/tags/transgender">transgender</a></div><div class="field-item odd"><a href="/tags/transmediale">transmediale</a></div><div class="field-item even"><a href="/tags/hacking">hacking</a></div><div class="field-item odd"><a href="/tags/exhibitions">exhibitions</a></div><div class="field-item even"><a href="/tags/markets">markets</a></div><div class="field-item odd"><a href="/tags/networks">networks</a></div><div class="field-item even"><a href="/tags/networking">networking</a></div><div class="field-item odd"><a href="/tags/autonomy">autonomy</a></div><div class="field-item even"><a href="/tags/capitalism">capitalism</a></div><div class="field-item odd"><a href="/tags/art">art</a></div><div class="field-item even"><a href="/tags/communities">communities</a></div><div class="field-item odd"><a href="/tags/organization">organization</a></div><div class="field-item even"><a href="/tags/globalization">globalization</a></div><div class="field-item odd"><a href="/tags/whistle-blowing">whistle-blowing</a></div></div></div> Fri, 21 Feb 2014 12:50:42 +0000 oliver 244 at http://postmedialab.org